Afghan supreme leader orders full enforcement of Islamic law
- November 15, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Afghan supreme leader orders full enforcement of Islamic law:
Subject: International Relations
- Afghanistan’s supreme leader has ordered judges to fully enforce aspects of Islamic law that include public executions, stonings and floggings, and the amputation of limbs for thieves,
What is Shariah Law:
- Sharia in Arabic means “the way” and does not refer to a body of law.
- It’s a set of wide-ranging moral and broad ethical principles drawn from the Koran and the practices and sayings (hadith) of Prophet Muhammad.
- It also draws from Ijma’a, the consensus of Muslim scholars, and Qiyas, reasoning through analogy.
- Sharia acts as a code for living that all Muslims should adhere to, including prayers, fasting and donations to the poor. It aims to help Muslims understand how they should lead every aspect of their lives according to God’s wishes.
- Sharia is not a book of statutes or judicial precedent imposed by a government, and it’s not a set of regulations adjudicated in court.
What are crimes under Shariah:
- Crimes fall into three categories under Sharia law:
- Tazir offences are the least serious and are at the discretion of a judge.
- Qisas crimes result in the offender being subjected to the exact same affliction as the victim.
- Hudud are the most severe offences that are considered crimes against God.