- July 9, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Section: Geographical Features
Context: The flash flood caused by the cloudburst took the death toll to 8 at the Amarnath Cave Shrine near Pahalgam in south Kashmir.
Amarnath Cave Shrine
- The annual Amarnath Yatra to the cave shrine of Lord Shiva high up in the Himalayas is among the country’s most revered pilgrimages.
- It is situated 3,888 metres above sea level and is located in South Kashmir, J & K.
Stalagmite and Stalactite
- The Shiva Lingam is a Stalagmite
- A stalagmite is a cave formation or speleothem that rises from the floor of a cave.
- It is formed due to the freezing of water drops that fall from the roof of the cave onto the floor resulting in an upward vertical growth of ice.
- There are different types of stalagmites – Limestone, Lava, Ice, Concrete.
- Here, the stalagmites considered as the lingam, a physical manifestation of Shiva, is the ice stalagmite(either seasonal or permanent in nature), commonly referred to as iciclesand form a solid-dome-shape.
- Stalagmites are typically composed of calcium carbonate, but may consist of lava, mud, peat, pitch, sand, sinter, and amberat (crystallized urine of pack rats).
- Most stalagmites have rounded or flattened tips.
- The corresponding formation hanging down from the ceiling of a cave is a Stalactite. It is produced by precipitation of minerals from water dripping through the cave ceiling.
- Most stalactites have pointed tips.