Bills in Committee stage
- June 19, 2022
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Bills in Committee stage
Subject : Polity
- It’s the government that decides to send Bills to Standing Committees, said Loksabha Speaker in a recent interview.
Parliament functioning in recent years
- During the pandemic, the duration of sittings was reduced but the Lok Sabha clocked 167% productivity, which was a record high.
- There are frequent complaints by the Opposition that not enough Bills are being sent to parliamentary committees.
Procedure for passing a bill:
- Every ordinary bill has to pass through the five stages in the Parliament before it finds a place on the Statute Book.After first reading , a bill can be referred to a parliamentary committee .
- Committee Stage:The usual practice is to refer the bill to a select committee of the House.
- This committee examines the bill thoroughly and in detail, clause by clause.
- It can also amend its provisions, but without altering the principles underlying it.
- After completing the scrutiny and discussion, the committee reports the bill back to the House.
Parliamentary standing committee:
- Broadly, parliamentary committees are of two kinds–Standing Committees and Ad Hoc Committees.
- The former are permanent (constituted every year or periodically) and work on a continuous basis, while the latter are temporary and cease to exist on completion of the task assigned to them
- The Constitution of India makes a mention of these committees at different places, but without making any specific provisions regarding their composition, tenure, functions, etc. All these matters are dealt by the rules of two Houses.
- Accordingly, a parliamentary committee means a committee that:
- Is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker / Chairman
- Works under the direction of the Speaker / Chairman
- Presents its report to the House or to the Speaker / Chairman
- Has a secretariat provided by the Lok Sabha / Rajya Sabha
- There are 24 DRSCs — 16 from Lok Sabha and 8 from Rajya Sabha. Each committee has 21 MPs from Lok Sabha and 10 from Rajya Sabha.
- The role: Given the volume of legislative business and the time constraints it is not possible for MPs to discuss and scrutinise all bills in the House.
- Parliamentary committees, either formed for a specific bill (select committee) or permanent (standing committees that are reconstituted annually) allow for a scrutiny with the possibility of tapping subject experts from outside and other stakeholders in an environment where MPs are not bound by party positions or whips.