- December 9, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – Science and Tech
Context – Australia’s Queensland state has found a new omicron lineage in a traveller who arrived from South Africa
- In medicine, a biomarker is a measurable indicator of the severity or presence of some disease state.
- More generally a biomarker is anything that can be used as an indicator of a particular disease state or some other physiological state of an organism.
- According to the WHO, the indicator may be chemical, physical, or biological in nature – and the measurement may be functional, physiological, biochemical, cellular, or molecular.
- A biomarker may be used to see how well the body responds to a treatment for a disease or condition.
- Also called molecular marker and signature molecule.
- Biomarkers help in diagnosing, treating and tracking disease progress. They are important to safeguard health of an individual and provide them with proper treatment.