Change in the Maldives
- October 4, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Change in the Maldives
Subject: International Relations
Section: Places in news
Context: Opposition candidate Mohamed Muizzu was elected President of the Maldives.
More about the news:
- The Maldives has elected Mohamed Muizzuas its new leader, replacing President Ibu Solih.
- Muizzu’s victory in the presidential run-off is attributed to anti-incumbency sentiment, economic concerns post-COVID-19, party rifts, and sovereignty issues.
- The contest was seen as India versus China, with India extending congratulations but needing to maintain impartiality.
- Muizzufaces economic challenges, potential release of former President Yameen, and decisions on governance structure and foreign relations.
What is the Electoral System in Maldives:
- Maldives Parliament is called Majlis/People’s Majlis.
- The structure of Parliament is Unicameral.
- In the Maldives, Parliament and Council elections run under the first-past-the-post majority system. Voters vote for only one candidate.
- The Assembly (Majlis) has 87 members. All members are elected directly for a term of five years from 87 single-member constituencies.
- The President of the Maldives is elected using the two-round system.
- If no candidate wins more than 50% of the votes, then a second round, or run-off, is held.
What are India’s recent projects in Maldives:
- Water and sanitation in 34 islands,
- Roads and land reclamation under the Addu development project,
- A cancer hospital, a port project, a cricket stadium, two airport development projects,
- the Greater Male connectivity project with bridges,
What is Greater Male Connectivity Project
- Afcons, an Indian company, has signed a contract for the largest-ever infrastructure project in Maldives-Greater Male Connectivity Project (GMCP)
- The Project will consist of a 6.74 km-long bridge and causeway link between Male and nearby islands of Villingli, Gulhifalhu and Thilafushi. It will use renewable energy.
- The project is funded by a grant of USD 100 million and a Line of Credit (LOC) of USD 400 million from India.
- It is not only the biggest project India undertakes in the Maldives but also the biggest infrastructure project in the Maldives.