Daily Practice Sheet 15 June 2020
- June 15, 2020
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPS
On this Day
On June 15th 1947, the All-India Congress accepted the British plan for the partition of India in New Delhi.
- Coimbatore, will now be called “Koyampuththur
- Vellore shall be Veeloor
- Thoothukudi (Tuticorin)
- 21% of total population in India has disability.
- Overall there are 2 crore 68 lakh persons with disability.
- More than 41% persons with disabilities in India never get married.
- Locomotor and multiple disabilities are more commonly found in rural areas of India.
Right to Equality
- Right to Equality (Article-14 to 18) :
- Equality before law and equal protection of laws (Article 14);
- Article 14 says that the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. This provision confers rights on all persons whether citizens or foreigners.
- The concept of ‘equality before law’ is of British origin while the concept of ‘equal protection of laws’ has been taken from the American Constitution.
- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15).
- Article 15 provides that the State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. The two crucial words in this provision are ‘discrimination’ and ‘only’. The word ‘discrimination’ means ‘to make an adverse distinction with regard to’ or ‘to distinguish unfavourably from others’. The use of the word ‘only’ connotes that discrimination on other grounds is not prohibited.
- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16).
Article 16 provides for equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters of employment or appointment to any office under the State. No citizen can be discriminated against or be ineligible for any employment or office under the State on grounds of only religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth or residence.
- Abolition of untouchability and prohibition of its practice (Article 17).
Article 17 abolishes ‘untouchability’ and forbids its practice in any form. The enforcement of any disability arising out of untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
- Abolition of titles except military and academic (Article 18). Article 18 abolishes titles and makes four provisions in that regard:
- It prohibits the state from conferring any title (except a military or academic distinction) on anybody, whether a citizen or a foreigner.
- It prohibits a citizen of India from accepting any title from any foreign state.
- A foreigner holding any office of profit or trust under the state cannot accept any title from any foreign state without the consent of the president.
- No citizen or foreigner holding any office of profit or trust under the State is to accept any present, emolument or office from or under any foreign State without the consent of the president.From the above, it is clear that the hereditary titles of nobility like Maharaja, Raj Bahadur, Rai Bahadur, Rai Saheb, Dewan Bahadur, etc, which were conferred by colonial States are banned by Article 18 as these are against the principle of equal status of all.
Daily Mains Mantra
GS 1: History
Context: INC accepted partition of India on 15th June, 1947
GS 1: Society
- What do you understand by social empowerment? Critically examine measures taken to empower disabled people (differently abled people).
GS 2: Polity
GS 3: Economy
GS 4: Ethics
- What do you understand by conscience keeper? Illustrate with example
- What do you understand by intellectual integrity?
- Discuss reasons for increasing suicide among Indian Youths? [Reference: The Hindu]
- What do you understand by stress? How stress can be tackled?
- What do you understand by prejudices? How do they lead to discriminatory behavior? [Reference: The Hindu]