Daily Practice Sheet 19 January 2021
- January 19, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPS
Daily Practice Sheet 19 January 2021
All 6 Prelims qualified
4 CSE Mains qualified
If I can do it, you can too
Daily Prelims Topic
- Financial assistance from the Disaster Response Fund to UTs
- AEFI (adverse event following immunization)
- News Broadcasters Association (NBA)/Indian Broadcasting Federation (IBF)
- Engineered carbon removal
- India’s star tortoise
- New Monsoon Forecast Model
A Harvard University study in 2018 found a 33 per cent gender gap in mobile ownership in India. When it came to social media use and smart phone ownership, the gap was above 60per cent.
As a percentage of Centre’s gross tax receipts, tax transfers to states had jumped from 28% in FY13 to 35% in FY16, but has since fallen to 32.4% in FY20. (Mainly on account of increased dependence on cess).
Daily Mains Mantra
GS 1: Society
1. The concept of open schooling with more flexible academic rules can go a long way in addressing concerns of high dropout rates, low attendance and limited infrastructure. Comment. [Reference: Financial Express]
In the Introduction define what gender based violence is. Use standard definition given by UN Women.
Gender-Based violence refers to harmful acts directed at an individual based on their gender. It is rooted in gender inequality, the abuse of power and harmful norms. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a serious violation of human rights and a life-threatening health and protection issue.
In the body, Use this lifecycle image to explain the gender violence at various stages.
Add data on the rate of domestic violence, marital rape, harassment, dowry related deaths provided by various national and international organisations.
Write the impacts on women due to gender based violence in different dimensions viz., economical, social, political, Psychological etc.
Add its impact on Sex ratio (mention data on SR given by census 2011). Link gender based violence with Malnourishment, hunger(hidden hunger),poverty etc.
Mention the steps to be taken to address the issue:
- Gender based budgeting
- Strengthening NCW
- Policies and acts to be made stringent (domestic violence act, Sexual harassment at workplace act, POCSO etc)
- Empowerment of women in all spheres (Ex., Increasing the age of marriage of women)
- SHG’s and financial inclusion
- Value education and Awareness creation.
In the conclusion, summarize why Gender violence should be curbed in order make the society gender neutral which will reap more benefits for the society in particular and country in general.
GS 2: Geography
GS 2: Polity
1. What do you understand by electoral democracy? Do you the rising incidents of protests throughout the world makes democratic evaluation of the electoral democracy’s effectiveness in responding to people’s concerns and demands need of the hours? [Reference: DownToEarth]
GS 2: IR
India-USA strategic partnership has emerged as a significant development in two countries foreign policies which during cold war found each other in opposite camps. Current partnership is characterized by tensions as well as cooperation.
Areas of increasing cooperation (Mention all such areas where two are coming closer and explain them)
- Defence: USA has emerged as major defence partner of India by signing 3 foundational agreements bringing India nearer to NATO-ally status.
- Security: The two have common concerns over terrorism, particularly that originating from Afghanistan. USA has continuously talked of increase role of India.
- Geo-Political convergence: Two have common adversary in China on multiple issues. It is evident in Indo-Pacific strategy and platforms like QUAD.
- Global problems: One being oldest and other being largest democracy is invested in addressing global problems like climate change, cyber security etc.
Areas of tensions:
- Trade: USA continuously raising Balance of Trade issue which is in India’s favour.
- India out of Generalized system of preferences which increases India’s export cost.
- USA’s visa regime which has been in flux impacting Indian immigrants
- USA clubbing India with China on issues like climate change, human rights violations etc.
- India’s role in Afghanistan not clear (It is largely out of framework of talk between USA-Taliban)
AtmaNirbhar Strategy of India is to develop a self-reliant India. Many see it as a challenge in evolving India-USA relationships. The challenge is w.r.t the biggest irritant i.e. trade. Critics argue that AtmaNirbhar strategy is against globalization and accentuate USA taking routes of WTO or sanctions in future. It may entail a cost for India’s defence deals and nuclear deal in future.
However, AtmaNirbhar strategy needs to be looked from the design perspective which will not be an irritant in relationship.
- Self-reliant India: It is good for security of the region as current dependence on China makes it very tough to take strong positions as in QUAD.
- Boost global supply chain: Strategy to fix the gap in global supply chain due to China reorienting its economy as well as economic setback amidst pandemic.
- Not self-containment or import substitution: Rather it is building and capacity enhancement in sector which needs government support to boost export.
- National Interest: Even USA is going forward for America First. Thus, foreign policy is first about national interest.
AtmaNirbhar strategy of India is not a potential irritant in India-USA relationship. However, steps should be taken to allay any concerns USA may have through platform like 2+2 partnership.
GS 3: Economy
GS 3: Environment
3. Finance is a major pillar to overcome climate change. In this context what has been on global front to mobilize finance for same. Also discuss what more needs to be done. [Reference: Financial Express]
GS 3: Science