Daily Practice Sheet 23 January 2021
- January 23, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPS
Daily Practice Sheet 23 January 2021
All 6 Prelims qualified
4 CSE Mains qualified
If I can do it, you can too
Daily Prelims Topic
- Environment Protection, Act 1986
- Starred and unstarred questions in Parliament (Question hour in focus in budget session)
- Desert Knight 21
- The EdelmanTrust Barometer
- Keeping bill in abeyance
- Jerenga Pothar
- New Start treaty
- 4-tier structure for regulation of NBFCs
- Indian Port Bill
- Bulk Drug Vs Formulations
- Census vs Caste Census
- Monuments of Mahabalipuram
According to the government’s own assessment, traditionally, one percentage point growth in mining pushes up the growth rate of industrial production by 1.2-1.4 percentage points. Also, one direct job in the sector creates 10 indirect jobs. The mineral sector’s contribution to the GDP is only 1.75 per cent, currently. Despite having a huge potential, the country is far from being Atmanirbhar in mineral production. India imports minerals worth over ₹2.5-lakh crore every year whereas the domestic production is only half of that, at ₹1.25-lakh crore.
According to Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) data, while men recovered most of their lost jobs by November 2020, women didn’t — 49 per cent of job losses were of women
Daily Mains Mantra
GS 1: Society
1. The poor women’s labour force participation is not only a function of low education and social status, but also, to a significant extent, of culture and social barrier. Examine. [Reference: Indian Express]
The poor women’s labour force participation is not only a function of low education and social status, but also, to a significant extent, of culture and social barrier. Examine.
In the Introduction, come out with the linkage between India’s development and Women labour force participation.
As India is aspiring for $5 trillion economy by 2022, the aspiration looks dull due to low women labour force participation.
In the body, come out the reasons for low women labour force participation.
- Underreported women labour force participation.
- Job loss due to mechanization
- Care economy and the burden of unpaid work
- Deep rooted patriarchy and gender bias
- Non-availability of white Collar jobs (Glass ceiling effect)
- Migration due to Marriage
- Religious barrier
- Long working hours and gender stereotypes
- Rising educational levels and household incomes
Add data, facts and examples wherever necessary.
1.3 billion Women were in work in 2018 as compared to 2 billion men – a less than 2% improvement in last 27 years. – ILO report
he FLFPR in India fell from 31.2% in 2011–12 to 23.3% in 2017–18. Further, the FLFPR for rural areas has declined by more than 11 percentage points in 2017–18.
What needs to be done?
Providing required Infrastructure, ensuring equal pay for equal work, quotas in educational institutions and jobs, ensuring maternity benefits, increase expenditures for ICDS, MGNREGA, Gender Budgeting
In the conclusion, emphasize on structural changes that needs to be done in order to increase Women labour force participation which will result in the holistic development of a country.
GS 2: IR
GS 3: Economy
1. What do you understand by NBFCs? Why the NBFC sector is in stress for last few years? Discuss RBI’s paper Revised Regulatory Framework for NBFCs — a Scale-Based Approach. [Reference: Business Line]
5. Discuss the importance of the mining sector for the economy. Critically examine the existing regulation and the proposed one. Will the new regulation bring positive changes. [Reference: Business Line]
GS 3: Science
2. Land needed for mining, dams and other large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, hit cannot sustain the displaced families for long. These people do not possess marketable skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant laborers. Moreover, their developments go to industries, industrialists and urban communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical. Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested policy? (250 words)