Data protection Bill likely in Budget Session
- August 29, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Data protection Bill likely in Budget Session
Subject :Science and Technology
Section: Awareness in computers
- The draft of the revised data protection Bill will be released for consultation soon with the government planning to present it in Parliament during the Budget session next year, Minister for Telecom and IT Ashwini Vaishnaw said.
- Vaishnaw explained that the government’s policy vision for the entire digital economy had four different pieces — the new telecom Bill which is at an advanced stage of drafting, the data protection Bill and a comprehensive digital India Act that would replace the existing IT Act.
- The whole technology stack for telecom services comprises four distinct parts: core network, radio network, telecom equipment and mobile handsets. C-DOT (The Centre for Development of Telematics) and a consortium of academic institutions have developed and tested a very robust core for 4G. On 4G core they have now built a 5G core, which is almost ready.
- Once it is installed on let’s say 15,000-20,000 sites then technology is treated as proven. So, we will have those credentials and by next year we will be ready to export telecom technology to the world.
What is 5G Core?
- 5G Core (5GC) is the heart of a 5G mobile network. It establishes reliable, secure connectivity to the network for end users and provides access to its services. The core domain handles a wide variety of essential functions in the mobile network, such as connectivity and mobility management, authentication and authorization, subscriber data management and policy management, among others.
- 5G Core network functions are completely software-based and designed as cloud-native, meaning that they’re agnostic to the underlying cloud infrastructure, allowing higher deployment agility and flexibility.
- With the advent of 5G, industry experts defined how the core network should evolve to support the needs of 5G New Radio (NR) and the advanced use cases enabled by it.
- Together, they developed the new 3GPP standard for core networks known as 5G Core (5GC), which includes new network functions (NFs) to the Core Network. The figure below depicts the 5GC network architecture with some of its main NFs associated to the packet core and user data management domains.
3GPP 5G Core architecture
- The new 5GC architecture is based on what is called a Service-Based Architecture (SBA), which implements IT network principles and a cloud-native design app
- In this new architecture, each network function (NF) offers one or more services to other NFs via Application Programming Interfaces (API).
- Each NF is formed by a combination of small pieces of software code called as microservices.
- Some microservices can even be re-used for different NFs, making implementation more effective and facilitating independent life-cycle management – which allows upgrades and new functionalities to be deployed with zero impact on running services.
The Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DoT)
- C-DOT was established in 1984 as an autonomous Telecom R&D centre of DoT, Government of India.
- It is a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- It is a registered ‘public funded research institution’ with the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Ministry of Science & Technology.
C-DOT Innovations for Digital India
Gyan Setu and MAXNG Technologies
- ‘GyanSetu’ is an internet based real-time ICT system designed by C-DOT, primarily to provide various e-services to the under privileged rural population of India.
- MAX-NG, C-DOT’s Next Generaon Network (NGN) solution addresses the needs of the changing telecom scenario and enables a smooth transition from Plain Old Telephone System (POTS) to NGN based Voiceover-IP (VoIP).
- The Government has reiterated its commitment to provide Wi-Fi in all the villages through GramNet with connectivity between 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps speed.
- GramNet is a part of National Broadband Mission (Rashtriya Broadband Abhiyan) to secure universal broadband access. Apart from this, there are other initiatives being taken under the same. Few being:
- BharatNet– Providing 1 Gbps to Gram Panchayats upgradeable to 10 Gbps
- NagarNet– Establishing 1 Million public Wi-Fi Hotspots in urban areas
- JanWiFi– Establishing 2 Million Wi-Fi Hotspots in rural areas
C-DOT other innovations
- XGSPON (10 G Symmetrical Passive Optical Network)
- It can fulfil the increasing demands of high network speeds emanating from the new dimensions of user applications like IPTV, HD Video Streaming, Online Gaming.
- It can also be a host of other cloud-based services that necessitate the seamless availability of high bandwidth.
- C-Sat-Fi (C-DOT Satellite WiFi)
- It is based on the optimal utilization of wireless and satellite communication to extend connectivity.
- It offers the ease of deployment, which is ideally suited to addressing disasters and emergencies when no other means of communication are available.
- It does not require the expensive Satellite Phones and can work on any WiFi-enabled phone.
- CiSTB (C-DOT’s Interoperable Set-Top Box)
- Based on a portable smart card like a mobile SIM, this solution will revolutionize the experience of the Cable TV operators by offering them a high degree of choice, ease and convenience without having to replace the once installed STB.