- January 28, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject : National Legislations
Context : MPs file dissent notes to Parliamentary Standing Committee’s report on DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill 2019.
- The Bill provides for the establishment of a National DNA Data Bank and Regional DNA Data Banks for states.
- DNA laboratories are required to share DNA data with the National and Regional DNA Data Banks.
- Every Data Bank will be required to maintain indices for the following categories of data-
a crime scene index
a suspects’ or undertrials’ index
an offenders’ index
a missing persons’ index
an unknown deceased persons’ index
- It aims to store the unique genetic information for administrative purposes.
- It also provides for the establishment of a DNA Regulatory Board, which will supervise the DNA Data Banks and DNA laboratories.
- The Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, will be the ex officio Chairperson of the board and the additional members will be-
experts in the field of biological sciences
Director General of the National Investigation Agency
Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation.
- The bill also proposes a written consent by individuals be obtained before collection of their DNA samples. However, consent is not required for offences with punishment of more than seven years in jail or death.
- It also provides for the removal of DNA profiles of suspects on the filing of a police report or court order, and of undertrials on the basis of a court order. Profiles in the crime scene and missing persons’ index will be removed on a written request.