- May 15, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject : Society
Context : Recently, the first cases of corona virus infection have been reported among the DongriaKondh tribe which has sparked concern among the administration of Odisha.
About DongriaKondh Tribe
- It is settled in the Niyamgiri hills of Rayagada district in Odisha.
- Niyamgiri is an area of densely forested hills, deep gorges and cascading streams.
- It is one of the particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) in India.
- They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and the name for themselves is Jharnia: protector of streams.
- The Dongria have distinctive jewellery, tattoos and hairstyles.
- Women wear many rings through their ears and three through their noses, while boys wear two nose rings.
- Dongria girls wear clips in their hair and rings and beads around their necks.
- The Dongria also cultivate orchards in the forest, producing crops such as oranges, bananas, ginger, sweet papaya and the aromatic resin jhunu.
- The Dongria believe that animals, plants, mountains and other specific sites and streams have a life-force or soul, jela, which comes from the mother goddess.
Tribes in Odisha
- Odisha has among the largest and most diverse tribal populations in the country.
- Of the 62 tribal groups residing in Odisha, 13 are recognised as PVTGs.
- According to the 2011 Census, Odisha’s share of the country’s total tribal population was 9%. Tribals constitute 22.85% of State’s population.
- The PVTGs in the states are Bonda, Birhor, ChuktiaBhunjia, Didayi, DongariaKandha, Hill Kharia, Juang, KutiaKondh, LanjiaSaora, Lodha, Mankirdia, PaudiBhuyan and Saora.
- These PVTGs have been identified on the basis of stagnant or diminishing populations, subsistence level of economy associated with pre-agricultural stages of hunting, food gathering and shifting cultivation, and relative physical isolation.