E- waste recycling
- May 13, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
E- waste recycling
Section : Ecosystem
Only 22.7 per cent of the e-wasteof the total 10,14,961.21 tonnes generated in 2019-20 in India was collected, dismantled and recycled or disposed off. This e-waste is comprised of 21 types of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) notified Under the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016.
E-Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change notified the E-Waste Management Rules, 2016 in super session of the E-waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011.
- Over 21 products (Schedule-I) were included under the purview of the rule. It included Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) and other mercury containing lamps, as well as other such equipment.
- For the first time, the rules brought the producers under Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), along with targets. Producers have been made responsible for the collection of E-waste and for its exchange.
- Various producers can have a separate Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) and ensure collection of E-waste, as well as its disposal in an environmentally sound manner.
- Deposit Refund Scheme has been introduced as an additional economic instrument wherein the producer charges an additional amount as a deposit at the time of sale of the electrical and electronic equipment and returns it to the consumer along with interest when the end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment is returned.
- The role of State Governments has been also introduced to ensure safety, health and skill development of the workers involved in dismantling and recycling operations.
- A provision of penalty for violation of rules has also been introduced.
- Urban Local Bodies (Municipal Committee/Council/Corporation) have been assigned the duty to collect and channelize the orphan products to authorized dismantlers or recyclers.
- Allocation of proper space to existing and upcoming industrial units for e-waste dismantling and recycling.
Under 2016 rules, provisions have been made for the dismantling and recycling of e-waste.The dismantlers and recyclers have to obtain authorisation from concerned State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs)or Pollution Control Committees
(PCCs). The concerned SPCB or PCC grants authorisation after ensuring that the dismantlers and recyclers have the
dismantling and recycling facilities as per the guidelines of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)\
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