- February 18, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Context- UK has objected to China backing Argentina’s claim to the Falkland Islands.
What is this dispute about?
- Since the 18th century, the Falkland Islands, located off the coast of Argentina in the south Atlantic Ocean, have always been subjected to colonisation and conquests by Britain, France, Spain and Argentina.
- Prior to the 1700s, the islands were uninhabited, with France first establishing a colony there in 1764.
- The next year, when the British arrived to claim the islands for themselves, it marked the start of a dispute that has been ongoing ever since.
What happened to the islands post WWII?
- The dispute continued in the post WWII global scenario. Argentina’s assertion of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands during the presidency of Juan Perón briefly soured relations with the United Kingdom.
- In December, 1965, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 2065, a non-binding resolution that recognized the existence of a sovereignty dispute between the United Kingdom and Argentina over these islands, that urged both countries to find a peaceful solution to the dispute.
How did the Falklands War break out?
- Argentina has maintained that the Falklands were illegally taken from it in 1833 and invaded the British colony in 1982. That incident resulted in what later came to be known as the Falklands War that lasted a little over three months, ending in victory for the United Kingdom.
About Falkland Islands:
- The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
- The principal islands are to the east of South America’s southern Patagonian coast and to the north of the Antarctic Peninsula.
- The Falkland Islands are bio geographically part of the Antarctic zone.