Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs)
- November 9, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs)
Govt moves to set up fodder-centric farmer producer organisations.
- The government has designated the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) as the implementing agency, setting a target of 100 such FPOs in 2022-23.
- It will be set up under the scheme of formation and promotion of 10,000 Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs)
- It aims to form and promote FPOs–primarily fodder centric, and animal husbandry activities as a secondary activity (fodder plus model).
- The idea of setting up fodder-centric FPOs was first mooted by the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying in 2020, with the aim to address the fodder deficit situation in the country.
- The high fodder inflation has a direct impact on rural livelihoods.
National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)
- It was founded in 1965 to replace exploitation with empowerment, tradition with modernity, stagnation with growth, transforming dairying into an instrument for the development of India’s rural people.
- The National Dairy Development Board, initially registered as a society under the Societies Act 1860, was merged with the erstwhile Indian Dairy Corporation, a company formed and registered under the Companies Act 1956, by the NDDB Act 1987, with effect from 12 October, 1987.
- The NDDB is an institute of national importance established by an act of the Indian Parliament and thus is a statutory body.
- National Dairy Development Board located at– Anand, Gujarat (HQ)
- It is under the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries
- It was founded by Dr Verghese Kurien, often called ‘India’s milkman’.
- It was set up to replicate the success of Amul to the whole of India.
- NDDB was created to boost, finance and support producer-owned and controlled organisations in the dairy industry.
- Its activities and programmes are aimed at augmenting farmer-owned institutions and it also supports national policies that are inclined towards the growth of such organisations.
- Its major success is Operation Flood-which ran from 1970 to 1996 (26 years) and transformed India into the largest producer of milk in the world. This is also called the White Revolution.
- The Board has integrated more than 1 lakh dairy cooperatives in the ‘Anand Pattern’.
- Under this, the village-level society is linked to the state dairy federation in a three-tier structure.
- The NDDB also implementing the National Dairy Plan (NDP)
- NDDB’s subsidiaries include Mother Dairy, Indian Immunologicals Ltd., Hyderabad (IIL), Indian Dairy Machinery Company Ltd, Anand (IDMC) and NDDB Dairy Services.
What are Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) ?
- It is a type of Producer Organization (PO) where the members are farmers.
- A Producer Organization (PO) is a legal entity formed by primary producers, viz. farmers, milk producers, fishermen, weavers, rural artisans, craftsmen. A PO can be a producer company, a cooperative society or any other legal form which provides for sharing of profits/benefits among the members. In some forms like producer companies, institutions of primary producers can also become members of PO.
- FPOs are voluntary organizations controlled by their farmer-members who actively participate in setting their policies and making decisions.
- They are open to all persons able to use their services and willing to accept the responsibilities of membership, without gender, social, racial, political or religious discrimination.
- FPOs operatives provide education and training for their farmer-members, elected representatives, managers, and employees so that they can contribute effectively to the development of their FPOs.
Government’s Effort For Promotion of FPO
- Since 2011, it has intensively promoted FPOs under the Small Farmers’ Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC), NABARD, state governments and NGOs.
- The ongoing support for FPOs is mainly in the form of
- Equity Grant Scheme–The Scheme is operated by the Small Farmers’ Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC). It aims to extend support to the equity base of Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs) by providing matching equity grants up to a maximum of Rs 15 lakh in two tranches.
- Credit Guarantee Scheme-The scheme provides risk cover to banks that advance collateral-free loans to FPCs up to Rs 1 crore. Only about 1% of registered producer companies have been able to avail the benefits.
- Central Sector Scheme of Formation and Promotion of 10,000 FPOs-The scheme was launched by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare to form and promote 10,000 new FPOs till 2027-28. The scheme is being implemented by the SFAC, National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC), NABARD, NAFED among others.
- While adopting a cluster-based approach, the formation of FPOs will be focussed on “One District One Product” for the development of product specialization.