Friday Factly 19 February 2021
- February 21, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: Friday Factly
- Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra – that account for 35 per cent of road accident deaths.
- India has seen around 4.5 lakh road accidents resulting in at least 1.5 lakh deaths over the past few years.
- More than 75 per cent of poor households reported a decline in their income as a result of a road crash death. Around 64 per cent of low-income households reported deterioration in their standard of living (more than twice reported by high-income households), while more than 50 per cent reported mental depression post-crash.
- About 50 per cent of women were severely affected by the decline in their household income after a crash.
- The survey shows that the income decline for low-income rural households (56 per cent) was the most severe compared to low-income urban (29.5 per cent) and high-income rural households (39.5 per cent).
Women Labour force
- In India, while 85 per cent of rural women are engaged in agriculture, only about 13 per cent own land. The agricultural sector employs 80 per cent of all economically engaged women — with 33 per cent in the labour force and 48 per cent as self-employed farmers.
Various scheme outcome with focus on poor
- Households which are being electrified under Saubhagya since 2017 October, are more than 2.67 crores
- Total value of orders placed on government e-market place; it is Rs 8,22,077 crore
- The length of the roads sanctioned under Pradhan Mantri Gram SadakYojana, strictly between 2014-15, is 2,11,192 km
- More than 1.76 crore houses have been completed under PM awasyojna.
- Nearly 60 per cent of corporate taxes are paid by the 0.06 per cent of the companies belonging to the top income bracket.
- Among individual taxpayers, only 0.17 per cent report taxable incomes above Rs 25 lakh
- Stressed assets of non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) are likely to touch ₹1.5-1.8 lakh crore or 6-7.5% of their assets under management (AUM) by the end of this fiscal.
- The RBI, in its Financial Stability Report released last month, had said GNPAs of NBFCs increased to 6.3% as of March 2020 from 5.3% as of March 2019.
- 7.17 cr. households (10.51 cr.) individuals have already have already availed of MNREGS in current year (highest ever.)
- India has 3.8 crore students in 1,000-plus universities and 50,000-plus colleges.
- According to Oxfam’s latest global report, The Inequality Virus, out of the total 122 million who lost their jobs in 2020, 75 per cent, which translates to 92 million jobs, were lost in the informal sector.
- India imported 85% of its oil need and 53% of its gas requirement in 2019-20.
- The pricing of petrol and diesel in India is based on the sour grade (Oman and Dubai average) and sweet grade (Brent Dated) crude oil processed in Indian refineries in the ratio of 75.62: 24.38. This basic value of crude accounts for around 36 per cent of the final cost of petrol (in Delhi). Freight charges and dealer commissions account for around 4 percent. The remaining 60 percent of the retail price of petrol and 54 per cent of diesel goes to the Centre and States as taxes.
- According to the just-released World Bank-commissioned report, Traffic Crash Injuries and Disabilities, 1% of the world’s vehicles but 11% of all road accident deaths; the Union Transport Ministry put the number of dead in 2019 at 1, 51,113, and injured at 4, 51,361.
- Accounts 2017, 66% of spending on health care in India is done by State
- CDDEP researchers had warned that the world’s antibiotic consumption could double from 2015 levels by 2030, sans policy intervention
- The use of antibiotics had shot up 65% from 2000 levels by 2015, and the WHO had already flagged antimicrobial resistance as a global health emergency by then
- At the projected economic cost of Rs 29.94/kg for wheat and Rs 42.94/kg for rice, the corresponding per-kg PDS consumer subsidy in the coming fiscal would work out to Rs 27.94 and Rs 39.94, respectively.
- Total grain stock in the Central pool stood at 82.18 mt as on February 1, compared to 75.17 mt a year ago.
- According to a 2019 paper in the journal Science Advances, Himalayan glacial melting has doubled since 2000 compared to a 25-year period before the turn of the century.
- The largest share of CO2 emissions is accounted for by electricity production (54%), followed by manufacturing industries and construction (25%) and transport (12%). While India emitted 1.99 GT of CO2 in 2014, it emitted other GHGs as well like methane, nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases.