Friday Factly 28 August 2020
- August 30, 2020
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: Friday Factly
- Indian cities are home to 461 million people and generates 63 per cent of the country’s GDP,
- The share of manufacturing in India’s GDP has remained stagnant around 16 per cent for nearly three decades.
- The share of services is around 55 per cent share in the economy.
- In India, every year, around 300 million people are at a risk of dying from NCDs.
- The WHO has estimated that more than 60 per cent of the deaths in India are a result of cardiac diseases, respiratory disorders and cancer, and 26 per cent of this 60 per cent is among those who are within the age bracket 30-70 years.
Old Age Population:
In India, only 7 per cent of older people have smartphones.
Tobacco Related Issue:
India has the second largest number of tobacco users (268 million) in the world — of these at least 12 lakh die every year from tobacco-related diseases
India loses many lives to fires each year: at 12,748 accidental deaths in 2018, nearly double the number caused by forces of nature, according to NCRB data.
Rice and Wheat Production:
- India is the world’s second largest producer of both rice and wheat.
- It is cultivated on 45 million hectares in kharif and rabi seasons, rice production has consistently risen over the years from 104.4 million tonnes (mt) in 2015-16 to 117.9 mt in 2019-20.
- Wheat, a rabi crop, is planted on around 30 million hectares and its harvest stood at 107.2 mt in 2019-20, up from 92.3 mt five years ago.
Employment Related Issue:
- 85 % of farmers are small and marginal.
- There will be 90 million additional workers looking for non-farm jobs by 2030
- India will have to triple job creation to 12 million gainful non-farm jobs per year from the 4 million a year achieved between 2013 and 2018.