- December 8, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – Agriculture
Context – The switch to chemical-based farming and other faulty agricultural practices have imperilled Odisha’s Similipal biosphere reserve.
- The continuous exposure to faulty agricultural practices has garnered policymakers’ attention, and Similipal is among the five landscapes chosen for the Food and Agricultural Organisation’s Green-Ag project which was announced in 2018 and launched in Similipal in October 2021.
- Funded by Global Environment Facility for six years, the project primarily aims to transform agricultural practices while ensuring conservation of biodiversity and forest landscapes.
- The other four regions include Chambal in Madhya Pradesh, Dampa in Mizoram, desert areas in Jaisalmer and Barmer in Rajasthan and Corbett-Rajaji Tiger Reserve, Uttarakhand.
- Organic farming and agrobiodiversity conservation are among a portfolio of nature-based solutions proposed in the Green-Ag project.
- The Green-Ag project is looking to build a multi-sectoral approach to develop synergy between the agriculture and allied areas with forest and environment, at the national, state and the district level.
- Key missions that will be targeted for strengthening include the National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture; National Livestock Mission; National Food Security Mission; National Initiative on Climate-resilient Agriculture, National Mission for Horticulture and Rashtriya KrishiVikasYojana.