- September 15, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – Polity
Context – Protests mark Hindi Diwas
- Every year, 14th September is celebrated as Hindi Diwas in India.
- Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, was adopted as the official language of the Republic of India on 14th September, 1949.
- Besides Hindi, English is the other official language (Article 343 of the Constitution).
- Hindi was adopted as one of the two official languages of the Republic of India by Constituent Assembly of India due to the efforts of Beohar Rajendra Simha along with Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt and Seth Govind Das.
- As such, on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on the 14th of September 1949, the efforts resulted in the adoption of Hindi as an official language
- About 45% of the Indian population speaks in Hindi.
- Hindi is the fifth most spoken language among the total languages spoken in the world.
Constitutional Provisions –
- Hindi is an eighth schedule language of the 22 officially recognized Indian languages.
- Article 351 pertains to ‘Directive for development of the Hindi language’.
- Part XVII of the Constitution deals with the official language in Articles 343 to 351.