- April 18, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Section: Indian and the world
Context- Mauritius PM Pravind Kumar Jugnauth is in India on an eight-day visit.
- Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said that PM Jugnauth will participate in the ceremony of the WHO-Global Centre for Traditional Medicine in Jamnagar and the Global Ayush Investment and Innovation Summit in Gandhinagar
India- Maldives Relations:
- Since 1820’s, Indian workers started coming to Mauritius to work on sugar
- The people who went to Mauritius from India took their language, customs, traditions, religious beliefs with them to their new abode.
- November 2, 1834, marks the day when the ship ‘Atlas’ docked in Mauritius carrying the first batch of Indian indentured labourers.
- This day is now observed in Mauritius as ‘Aapravasi Day’.
- As a tribute to Gandhiji and the Indian freedom struggle, the National Day of Mauritius is celebrated on March 12 (the date of launch of Dandi Salt March).
- After independence in March, 1968, the first PM and the Father of the Mauritian Nation, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam accorded centrality to India in Mauritius’ foreign policy.
- Indian PM Narendra Modi visited Mauritius in 2015, as Chief Guest at the Mauritian National Day celebrations.
- During his visit, PM Modi commissioned the Offshore Patrol Vessel Barracuda, financed by a Government of India (GoI) Line of Credit, into the Mauritian Coast Guard.
- It was during this visit that the PM Modi had outlined India’s maritime cooperation vision of SAGAR – Security and Growth for All in the Region.
- In March 2018, President of India visited Mauritius as a Chief Guest to the commemorative events marking the 50th anniversary of the independence of Mauritius.
- In February 2021, during the visit of Indian Foreign Minister to Mauritius, the two countries also signed a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA).
- This was India’s first such agreement with an African country.
- India is Mauritius’ largest trading partner and has been the largest exporter of goods and services to Mauritius since 2007.
- In 2020, India represented 10% share of Mauritian total imports and ranked 3rd in their main countries of import.
- The volume of exports from India to Mauritius was 1,027 million $ in 2018, 776 million $ in 2019 and 396 million $ in 2020.
- The value of Mauritian exports to India in 2019 was 24 million $ and 32 million $ in 2020. Trade balance is in favour of India.
- The signing of CECPA between India &Mauritius will further improve trade relation.
- Mauritius was the third largest source of FDI into India during the financial year 2020-21, with FDI equity inflows amounting to USD 5.63 billion.
- India and Mauritius signed a MoU in March 2015. The main focus of the pact was the development of island of Agalega, some 1,122 km north of Mauritius.
- In total, India is planning to invest funds to the tune of $ 18 million in all these developmental projects on Agalega Island.
- In January 2021, Modi and Jugnauth inaugurated the Social Housing Project, and laid the foundation stones for a Civil Service College and an 8 MW Solar PV Farm project.
- Two agreements were also exchanged:
- Extension of US$ 190 million Line of Credit to Mauritius for the Metro Express and other infrastructure projects and
- MoU on the Implementation of Small Development Projects
- India is currently assisting Mauritius in constructing a dedicated dockyard to cater for a large number of vessels being inducted into the Mauritius Coast
- India in 2015, exported the first ever warship as an Offshore Patrol Vessel ‘CGS Barracuda’ to Mauritius.
- India handed over ten Fast Interceptor Boats to the National Coast Guard (NCG) of Mauritius under a line of credit agreement.
- In March 2022, Mauritius became the 4thmember of the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC).
- The CSC was formed in 2011 as a trilateral maritime security grouping of India, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
- It aims to increase the security cooperation, covering marine safety and security, human trafficking, counter-terrorism, and cyber security.
India’s Assistance during Pandemic:
- In May 2020, India launched Mission Sagar as part of the India’s outreach initiative towards five Island nations in the Indian Ocean, which included Mauritius, amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
- Under the mission, India provided food Items, COVID related Medicines with Medical Assistance Teams to these nations.
- Later in January 2021, India delivered the Made-in-India COVID-19 Vaccines to Mauritius under the Vaccine Maitri Initiative.
- In August 2020, Mauritius had declared a national emergency over an oil spill near its coast. India promptly provided assistance to Mauritius in dealing with the situation.
- India’s relationship with Mauritius is an imprint of Mauritian population of 1.3 million of which 68% are of Indian descent.
- India ranks fourth in terms of Mauritian students studying in overseas tertiary education institutions.
- Mauritius was granted, at 14th Pravasi Bhartiya Divas in January 2017, a special carve-out for issuance of OCI Cards to its nationals of Indian origin.
- Under this initiative, restriction on the number of generations was waived off.
- Mauritius introduced a visa-free regime for Indian tourists in October 2004, whereby Indian tourists visiting Mauritius for a period up to 30 days do not require a visa.