- January 3, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
- Assam Chief Minister has recently announced that no rhinos were poached in the state in 2022.
More about Indian Rhinoceros
- The Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is found only in the Brahmaputra valley, parts of North Bengal, and parts of southern Nepal.
- It has a single black horn that can grow up to 60 cm, and a tough, grey-brown hide with skin folds, which gives the animal its characteristic armour-plated look.
- The Indian rhino is listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red List, it was earlier placed in the endangered category.
- It is listed as a Schedule I animal in the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
- According to the WWF, there are around 3,700 Indian rhinos in the wild today. Assam’s Kaziranga National Park alone has 2,613 animals, according to a census carried out in March 2022. There are more than 250 other rhinos in the Orang, Pobitora, and Manas parks.
Why are Rhinos poached
- Rhinos have been poached for their horn, which is prized in some cultures.
- Ground rhino horn is used in traditional Chinese medicine to cure a range of ailments, from cancer to hangovers, and also as an aphrodisiac.
- In Vietnam, possessing a rhino horn is considered a status symbol
What are the Conservation Efforts by India:
- The Ministry of Environment and Forests has launched a National Conservation Strategy for Indian One-Horned Rhino.
- Moreover, the Assam government constituted a Special Rhino Protection Force to keep a check on rhino poaching and related activities at Kaziranga National Park (KNP).
- India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia in order to conserve and protect the rhinos signed the New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019.
- Through unique programmes like Indian Rhino Vision 2020 the government partnered with international, national and local organizations for the conservation of the rhinos.