International Court of Justice (ICJ)
- August 5, 2020
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
India approached the International Court of Justice against Pakistan for denial of consular access to Jadhav and challenging the death sentence.
- The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.
- The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands).
- The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
- The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.
- In order to ensure a degree of continuity, one third of the Court is elected every three years. Judges are eligible for re-election.
- It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French.