- June 7, 2022
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
- The busting of yet another racket throws the spotlight on the shortage of kidneys to meet the demand.
- Donations from the dead are rare; experts say increasing these will reduce dependence on live donors.
Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994
- The Transplantation of Human Organs Act was passed in 1994. It provides various regulations for the removal of human organs and its storage.
- It also regulates the transplantation of human organs for therapeutic purposes and for the prevention of commercial dealings in human organs.
- The act recognises brain death identified as a form of the death process and defines criteria for brain death.
- It provides regulatory and advisory bodies for monitoring transplantation activity.
- It also provides for maintenance of a registry of donors and recipients of human organs and tissues.
National Organ Transplant Programme (NOTP)
- Provides financial grants for establishing ROTTOs, SOTTOs, developing new and upgrading existing retrieval and transplant centres.
Organ Donation Institutional Set up:
- The National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO), the Regional Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (ROTTO) at regional level and the State Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (SOTTO) at state level.
State of Organ Donation in India:
- India ranked third in the world as per WHO Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation (GODT) in terms of organ donation.