- June 4, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject : Geography
Context : An isolated island that became a melting point of cultures.
- Lakshadweep is a tropical archipelago of 36 atolls and coral reefs in the Laccadive Sea, 280 km to 480 km off the coast of Kerala. 11 are inhabited.
- But currently, there are 35 islands, as the Parali 1 island submerged in water due to sea erosion.
- Lakshadweep means “one lakh islands” in Malayalam, the official as well as the widely spoken native language in the territory. Fishing is the most important industry.
- The islands form the smallest union territory of India and their total surface area is just 32 km square.
- Kavaratti serves as the capital of the Union Territory and the region comes under the jurisdiction of Kerala High Court. It is a uni-district Union Territory.
- The principal languages of Lakshadweep are Malayalam, Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha) and Mahl.
- These islands were earlier known as Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands.
- The island is situated in the Laccadive Sea extending between 8 degree N and 12 degree N latitude.
- The entire Lakshadweep islands group is made up of coral deposits.
- The islands consist of unconsolidated pebbles, shingles, cobbles, and boulders. All are atolls surrounded by Fringing Reefs.
- These islands are a part of Reunion Hotspot volcanism.
- Amindivi Islands are the northern-most most while the Minicoy island is the southernmost.
- 8 Degree Channel ( 8 degrees north latitude) separates the islands of Minicoy and Maldives.
- 9 Degree Channel ( 9 degrees north latitude) separates the island of Minicoy from the main Lakshadweep archipelago.
- Largest island: Minicoy Island (south of the nine-degree channel)
- The topography of the Lakshadweep Islands is flat and relief features such as hills, streams, valleys, etc. are absent.
- The Islands are extremely vulnerable to sea-level change as they do not rise more than five meters above sea level.
- These islands have a north-south orientation. Exception: only Androth has an East-West orientation.