Leopard 2 tank
- January 23, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Leopard 2 tank
Subject: Science and Technology
Context: Germany has not decided whether to allow its Leopard 2 tanks to be sent to Ukraine.
What is a Leopard 2 tank?
- The Leopard 2 is a 3rd generation main battle tank originally developed by Krauss-Maffei in the 1970s for the West German army.
- The tank entered service in 1979 and succeeded the earlier Leopard 1 as the main battle tank of the West German Army.
- It is armed with a 120 mm smoothbore cannon made by Rheinmetall, and is powered by a V-12 twin-turbo diesel engine made by MTU Friedrichshafen.
- It features night-vision equipment and a laser range finder that can measure the distance to an object.
- It is also used by the other European armies, Canada and Indonesia.
- It has seen service in conflicts in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Syria.
How will it help Ukraine?
- Supplies of the Leopard 2 would help offset Russia’s superiority in artillery firepower.
Why does Germany have to approve the transfer of Leopards owned by other countries?
- The re-exporting of German-made tanks without Berlin’s permission would be illegal.
- The contracts that a country signs to obtain weapons from German manufacturers or German military stocks require them to request a re-export license from the federal government should they wish to send such weapons to another country.
- The United States has similar requirements, as do other countries, including Switzerland.
Other tanks offered to Ukraine include:
- Challenger 2 tanks of Britain
- Stryker combat vehicle by USA
- M1 Abrams tanks by the USA (though the USA has made no commitment to providing them to Ukraine).