- October 24, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – Science and Tech
Context – India-made spray linked to rare illness in U.S.
- A made-in-India aromatherapy spray is being pulled off retail giant Walmart’s shelves in the United States after a medical investigation linked it to melioidosis, a rare disease that has sickened at least four, and may have caused two deaths, in the country.
- The spray was reported to contain a bacterium, Burkholderiapseudomallei, that causes a rare but deadly disease called melioidosis, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said.
- Melioidosis, also called Whitmore’s disease, is an infectious disease that can infect humans or animals.
- The disease is caused by the bacterium Burkholderiapseudomallei.
- It is predominately a disease of tropical climates, especially in Southeast Asia and northern Australia where it is widespread.
- The bacteria causing melioidosis are found in contaminated water and soil. It is spread to humans and animals through direct contact with the contaminated source.
- Most people infected with B. pseudomallei experience no symptoms, but those who do experience symptoms have signs and symptoms that range from mild, such as fever, skin changes, pneumonia, and abscesses, to severe with inflammation of the brain, inflammation of the joints, and dangerously low blood pressure that causes death.
- About 10% of people with melioidosis develop symptoms that last longer than two months, termed “chronic melioidosis”.
- Person-to-person or animal-to-human transmission is extremely rare.
- No vaccine for melioidosis has been approved.