- January 14, 2022
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Topic: Personalities in news
- Mother Teresa, whose original name was Anjeze Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
- Mother Teresa was born in Skopje (current capital of North Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.
- She left her home at the age of 18 and moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life. Mother Teresa devoted most of her life working for poor and downtrodden.
Mother Teresa in India:
- Mother Teresa came to India in 1929 at the age of 19 years and began her novitiate, a period of training that a Christian member of a religious order undergoes before taking vows to discern whether he or she is called to vowed religious life, in Darjeeling.
- She served as a teacher at the Loreto convent school in Entally, eastern Calcutta for nearly 20 years and was appointed as its headmistress in 1944. Though Teresa enjoyed teaching, she was extremely disturbed by the sight of poverty that she saw in Calcutta.
- The Bengal famine of 1943 had brought death and misery to the city and the August 1946 Direct Action Day marked the beginning of Hindu-Muslim violence in the state.
- Mother Teresa experienced “the call within the call” on September 10, 1946 when she was traveling to the Loreto convent in Darjeeling by train from Calcutta for her annual retreat. It made Mother Teresa realize that she was to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them.
- Mother Teresa began her missionary work with the poor in 1948 and she replacing her traditional attire with a simple, white cotton sari with a blue border.
- Mother Teresa then applied for Indian citizenship and spent several months in Patna to attain basic medical training at the Holy Family Hospital and then took off into the slums.
- Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity in 1950 to help the poorest among the poor. The charity took in an increasing number of homeless children.
- Mother Teresa was joined in her effort by a group of young women at the beginning of 1949. Mother Teresa’s efforts quickly caught the attention of Indian officials including the Indian Prime Minister.
- In 1952, Mother Teresa converted an abandoned Hindu temple into the Kalighat, a home for the Dying, free for the poor. The home was renamed as Kalighat, the Home of the Pure Heart (Nirmal Hriday). Those brought to the home not only were given adequate medical attention but also the opportunity to die with dignity in accordance with their faith.
- She was the recipient of more than 120 honors and awards during her lifetime including the Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize in 1962 and Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.