- February 5, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
TOPIC: Science & Tech
Context- Covid-19 mask to be developed under a DST-sponsored nano-mission.
ARCI developed copper-based nanoparticles of around 20 nanometres by a ‘Flame Spray Pyrolysis’ (FSP) processing facility.
- The Government of India launched the Nano Mission in 2007 as an “umbrella capacity-building programme“.
- It is being implemented by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) under the Ministry of Science and Technology.
- The objectives of the mission are:
- Basic research promotion
- Infrastructure development
- Nano applications and technology development
- Human Resource development
- International collaborations
- As a result of the efforts led by the Nano Mission, today, India is amongst the top five nations in the world in terms of scientific publications in nanoscience and technology (moving from 4th to the 3rd position).
- The Nano Mission has established national dialogues to promote R&D in the development of standards for nanotechnology and for laying down a National Regulatory Framework Road-Map for Nanotechnology (NRFR-Nanotech).
‘Flame Spray Pyrolysis’ (FSP) processing facility
- FSP process involves conversion of solution precursors into nano-powders by high temperature pyrolytic decomposition.
- FSP process is a gas phase combustion synthesis method enabling the production of a broad range of materials in the form of nanostructured powders with high specific surface area and primary particle size in the range of few nanometers.
- FSP is based on the exothermic combustion of a spray of a metallorganic liquid precursor.