National curriculum framework
- March 28, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
National curriculum framework
- According to top officials in the Education Ministry, revised textbooks are expected to be used by students at all levels starting in the academic year 2024–2025.
- After nearly two decades, school students at all levels will learn from revised textbooks to be presented in the academic year 2024-25. This is consistent with the National Education Policy, 2020.
- The government has released the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for preschool to Class 2, for children aged between 3-8 years. The framework for other classes is yet to be released.
- In accordance with the NEP 2020 concept of delivering multilingual education, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) textbooks will be published in 22 languages.
- Among the 14.8 lakh schools in India, 28,000 provide Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) courses, close to 2,000 offer Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), and 345 offer International Baccalaureate (IB) courses, according to the officials. State Board schools make up the remainder.
National Curriculum Framework
- The NCF has four sections:
- the National Curriculum Framework for School Education
- the National Curriculum Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education
- the National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education
- National Curriculum Framework for Adult Education
- The framework focuses on the ‘panchakosha’ concept – the ancient Indian emphasis on the body-mind connection.
- The NCF says its five parts are physical development (sharirikvikas), development of life energy (pranikvikas), emotional and mental development (manasikvikas), intellectual development (bauddhikvikas) and spiritual development (chaitsikvikas).
- It is an important step taken to implement the New Education Policy-2020.
The ‘panchaadi’ way
- The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) in its latest guidelines has recommended a five-step learning process, or Panchaadi, for young children at the preschool or foundational level and has emphasised the need of planning students’ learning with an awareness of their Indian heritage.
- Panchaadi comprises;
- Aditi (introduction of a topic)
- Bodh (conceptual understanding)
- Abhyas (practice)
- Prayog (application)
- Prasar (expansion).
National Education Policy 2020
- The National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) is transforming education in India.
- It has set the education system on a path to delivering the highest quality education for all, with equity and inclusion.
- Amongst the most transformative aspects of NEP 2020 is the new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure which integrates Early Childhood Care and Education for all children of ages 3 to 8.
- Early childhood lays the foundation for life-long learning and development – it is a key determinant of the quality of overall life.
For further notes on NEP,2020 refer – https://optimizeias.com/national-education-policy-2020/