National Livestock Mission
- October 19, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
National Livestock Mission
Subject – Agriculture
Context – Improving livestock breeding
- National Livestock Mission (NLM) launched in financial year 2014-15 seeks to ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in livestock production systems and capacity building of all stakeholders. The scheme is being implemented as a sub scheme of White Revolution – Rashtriya Pashudhan Vikas Yojana since April 2019.
- Objectives: Sustainable growth, Fulfilling Fodder need, synergy of ongoing plan, Promoting Skill Training, genetic upgradation and conservation, risk management and community participation.
- The National livestock Mission is organised into the following four sub-Missions:
- Sub -Mission on Livestock Development– The sub-mission on Livestock Development includes activities to address the concerns for overall development of livestock species including poultry, other than cattle and buffalo, with a holistic approach. Risk Management component of the sub –mission will, however, also cover cattle and buffalo along with other major and minor livestock.
- Sub – Mission on Pig Development in North-Eastern Region– The sub -mission will strive to forge synergies of research and development organizations through appropriate interventions, as may be required for holistic development of pigs in the North Eastern Region including genetic improvement, health cover and post-harvest operations.
- Sub – Mission on Feed and Fodder Development– The Sub –Mission is designed to address the problems of scarcity of animal feed and fodder resources, to give a push to the livestock sector making it a competitive enterprise for India, and also to harness its export potential. The sub- mission will especially focus on increasing both production and productivity of fodder and feed through adoption of improved and appropriate technologies best suited to specific agro –climatic region in both arable and non –arable areas.
- Sub -Mission on Skill Development, Technology Transfer and Extension– The sub – mission will provide a platform to develop, adopt or adapt the technologies including frontline field demonstrations in collaboration with farmers, researchers and extension workers, etc. wherever it is not possible to achieve this through existing arrangements.
- National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis is a 100% centrally funded programme, with a total outlay of Rs. 12,652 crore from 2019 to 2024. It aims to control Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by 2025 with vaccination and eventual eradication by 2030.
Objectives of National Live stock Policy 2013
Aims and Objective
- To support the existing low input production systems for improving productivity and income so as to improve socio-economic status of a vast majority of our livestock producers, most of which are women and small farmers.
- To support research and development initiatives on issues pertaining to livestock sector for improving production and productivity, bio-security and profitability.
- To encourage establishment and growth of self-supporting financially viable, medium and large commercial livestock production units capable of adopting latest technology including facility for processing and value addition.
- To improve the productivity of livestock and poultry by promoting and disseminating the technologies developed by the research system.
- To promote conservation of animal bio-diversity; conservation and genetic improvement of important indigenous breeds of livestock and poultry in the country.
- To increase availability of feed and fodder resources to meet the requirement of livestock to attain optimal productivity.
- To strengthen overall animal health cover through prevention, control and eradication of various disease conditions and encourage/enable the dairy cooperatives to extend veterinary services to farmers.
- To focus on production of quality livestock products as per the international standards for food safety.
- To encourage value addition of livestock products like milk and milk products, eggs, wool and meat & meat products etc.
Revised Version of National Livestock Mission
- The poultry entrepreneurship programme of the NLM will provide for capital subsidy up to ₹25 lakh for setting up of a parent farm with a capacity to rear 1,000 chicks.
- Under this model, the hatchery is expected to produce at least 500 eggs daily, followed by the birth of chicks that are in turn reared for four weeks. Thereafter, the chicks can be supplied to local farmers for rearing.
- Under this model, the rural entrepreneur running the hatchery will be supplying chicks to the farmers.
- An entrepreneur will be able to break even within 18 months after launching the business. This is expected to provide employment to at least 14 lakh people.
- In the context of sheep and goat entrepreneurship, there is a provision of capital subsidy of 50% up to 50 lakh.
- An entrepreneur under this model shall set up a breeder farm, develop the whole chain will eventually sell the animals to the farmers or in the open market. Each entrepreneur can avail assistance for a breeder farm with 500 does/ewe and 25 buck/ram animals with high genetic merit from the Central/State government university farms.
- This model is projected to generate a net profit of more than ₹33 lakh for the entrepreneur per year.
- For piggery, the NLM will provide 50% capital subsidy of up to ₹30 lakh.
- Each entrepreneur will be aided with establishment of breeder farms with 100 sows and 10 boars, expected to produce 2,400 piglets in a year.
- A new batch of piglets will be ready for sale every six months. This model is expected to generate a profit of ₹1.37 crore after 16 months and 1.5 lakh jobs.
- The revised scheme of NLM coupled with the Rashtriya Gokul Mission and the Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund has the potential to dramatically enhance the productivity and traceability standards of our livestock.