- January 24, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject: Economic Geography
Context: The total increase in lands in India under organic cultivation was 3,59,000 hectares, according to IFOAM -Organics International data.
More about the News:
- India among top 3 nations in expanding organic farming in 2020
- Of the world’s total 74.9 mh under organic farming, Australia has the highest at 35.7 mh. Whereas India has 2.8 mh.
- In contrast, out of total 34 lakh organic producers in the world, 16 lakh farmers in India are into certified organic farming.
- Organic farming is a type of agriculture or farming which avoids the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, & livestock feed additives.
- Organic farming systems rely on crop rotation, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manure, off-farm organic wastes & biofertilizers, mineral bearing rocks to maintain soil productivity, etc.
Organic farming in India
- Sikkim became the first State in the world to become fully organic.
- North East India has traditionally been organic, & the consumption of chemicals is far less than rest of the country.
- Madhya Pradesh tops the list with 0.76 million ha of area under organic cultivation — that is over 27 per cent of India’s total organic cultivation area.
- The top three states, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, & Maharashtra — account for about half the area under organic cultivation.
- Major organic exports from India are flax seeds, sesame, soybean, tea, medicinal plants, rice & pulses.
- Major exporting states: Assam, Mizoram, Manipur, & Nagaland.