- August 31, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – Art and Culture
Context – New initiative in J&K to restore lost glory of Pashmina shawls.
- Pashmina Shawls are a fine variant of shawls spun from cashmere wools.
- A cashmere wool itself is obtained from the Changthangi goat (Capra aegagrushircus) native to the high plateau of Ladakh.
- Known for its soft features, the Pashmina Shawls himself had been a status symbol not just for the wealthy in Indian but even across the world.
- Pashmina shawls gained much prominence in the days of the Mughal Empire as objects of rank and nobility.
- Through the enthusiastic use by Empress Joséphine – the wife of Napoleon Bonaparte – the pashmina shawl gained status as a fashion icon.
- Traditional producers of pashmina wool are people known as the Changpa.
Changthangi or Pashmina goat:
- It is a special breed of goat indigenous to the high altitude regions of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir.
- They are raised for ultra-fine cashmere wool, known as Pashmina once woven.
- These goats are generally domesticated and reared by nomadic communities called the Changpa in the Changthang region of Greater Ladakh.
- The Changthangi goats have revitalized the economy of Changthang, Leh and Ladakh region.
- It is a type of pastoralism or nomadism, a seasonal movement of livestock between fixed summer and winter pastures.
- In montane regions (vertical transhumance), it implies movement between higher pastures in summer and lower valleys in winter.
- Herders have a permanent home, typically in valleys.
- Generally only the herds travel, with a certain number of people necessary to tend them, while the main population stays at the base.
- In contrast, horizontal transhumance is more susceptible to being disrupted by climatic, economic, or political change.