- August 15, 2020
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
The UN environmental programme has released a report warning that fishing trawlers, seaweed farming, and tourism off the coast of Kenya is threatening the survival of seagrasses
- Seagrasses are flowering marine plants that have adapted to survive in marine conditions. They are mostly found in shallow sandy bottom habitats and can form dense extensive meadows.
- There are about 72 seagrass species distributed across the world’s temperate and tropical oceans.
- These meadows trap sediment, absorb nutrients and give us clear waters.
- They are a source of food, shelter and nursery areas for many organisms, including commercially important fish.
- This means that they provide food security for coastal communities by supporting artisanal fisheries and are an integral part of coastal livelihoods. They also support a number of endangered species such as dugongs, sea turtles and sea horses.
- Seagrass meadows are also important carbon sinks, capable of trapping carbon from the atmosphere 40 times faster than tropical rainforests and storing it for hundreds of years.