- January 21, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject : Environment
Section : Protected Area in news
- Spot Bellied Eagle Owl was recently spotted in Seshachalam forest of Andhra Pradesh for the first time.
- It was sighted twice earlier at Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve(NSTR).
About Seshachalam Hills:
- The Seshachalam Hills are a part of the Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh.
- They are a group of seven hills namely, Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrishabhadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri.
- The ranges were formed during the Precambrian era (3.8 billion to 540 million years ago)
- The Seshachalam hills consist of sandstone and shale along with limestone.
- Tirupati which is considered as one of the major Hindu pilgrimage towns in India is located in the hills.
- The Srivenkateshwara National Park is also located in this mountain range.
- Seshachalam was designated as a Biosphere Reserve in the year 2010
- It has large reserves of red sandalwood.
- Tribes of Yanadis are the native population of the reserve.
Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve
- The Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Sanctuary was declared officially in 1978 and has been recognized by the Project Tiger in 1983.
- Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve is the largest tiger reserve in India.
- In 1992, it was retitled as Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary.
- The Tiger reserve is spread over 5 districts in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
- The area consists mostly of the Nallamala Hills.
- The multipurpose reservoirs- Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar are located in the reserve.
- The Krishna River cuts the basin of this reserve.