Spartech waste post-demolition
- August 29, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Spartech waste post-demolition
Context: Spartech waste post-demolition
- The Supertech Twin towers in Sector 93A of Noida, Uttar Pradesh were demolished by controlled implosion at 2.30 pm August 28, 2022. Their being located in a residential neighbourhood of Noida makes it even more essential to introduce interventions to mitigate pollution and waste, post-demolition.
- This demolition has also produced large amounts of dust. Heavier dust particles will settle down soon but the light particulate matter (PM) will probably remain in the air for weeks.
- The Air Quality Index (AQI) bulletin issued by the Central Pollution Control Board at 4 pm August 28 mentioned Noida’s AQI to be at 120. This is considered to be ‘moderate’.
- There are various health effects that can befall people in the vicinity like respiratory issues, skin ailments, as well as allergic disorders. There is an increase in lead, silica and asbestos in the atmosphere and a tremendous amount of PM10 and PM2.5 particles.
- Increased lead exposure may lead to headache, tiredness, irritability and constipation, silicosis, etc.
- Silt accumulation in drainage systems can lead to problems like water-borne and parasite diseases.
National Air Quality Index (AQI)
- Launched in 2014 with outline ‘One Number – One Color -One Description’ for the common man to judge the air quality within his vicinity.
- The measurement of air quality is based on eight pollutants, namely: Particulate Matter (PM10), Particulate Matter (PM2.5), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Ammonia (NH3), and Lead (Pb).
- AQI has six categories of air quality. These are: Good, Satisfactory, Moderately Polluted, Poor, Very Poor and Severe.
- It has been developed by the CPCB in consultation with IIT-Kanpur and an expert group comprising medical and air-quality professionals.
The Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016
- The Construction & Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016, were published on March 29, 2016, by the Ministry of Environment, Forestry, and Climate Change.
- The Rules applies to anybody who produces rubbish from building and destruction.
- The basis of these Rules is to recover, recycle and reuse the waste generated through construction and demolition.
- Segregating construction and demolition waste and depositing it to the collection centres for processing will now be the responsibility of every waste generator.
- The local bodies will have to utilize 10-20% material from construction and demolition waste in municipal and government contracts.
- Cities with a population of more than one million will commission processing and disposal facility within 18 months from the date of final notification of these rules, while cities with a population of 0.5 to 1 million and those with a population of less than 0.5 million will have to provide these facilities within two years and three years respectively.
- Permission for construction will be given only when the complete construction and demolition waste management plan is presented
- Large generators of waste will have to pay relevant charges for collection, transportation, processing and disposal, as notified by the concerned authorities.
- The Central Pollution Control Board shall prepare operational guidelines related to environmental management of construction and demolition waste.
- SPCB shall grant authorization to construction and demolition waste processing facility
- The Bureau of Indian Standards need to prepare code of practices and standards for products of construction and demolition waste
- Indian Roads Congress needs to prepare standards and practices pertaining to products of construction and demolition waste in roads construction.