Sree Narayana Guru
- August 24, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Sree Narayana Guru
Subject – History
Context – Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan on Monday said the powerful current of humanism that animated the teachings of 19th century social reformer Sree Narayana Guru is a panacea for the world riven by communal and racial conflicts.
- Narayana Guru (1856 – 1928) was a social reformer. He has been credited with transforming the social fabric of kerala and changing the beliefs of keralites in ways unimaginable at that point in time.
- His family belonged to the Ezhava caste and was considered ‘avarna’ according to the social mores of the time.
- From an early age, he was drawn towards asceticism. He lived as a hermit in a forest for eight years.
- He learned Vedas, Upanishads, literature, logical rhetoric of Sanskrit, Hatha Yoga and other philosophies.
- He gave the famous slogan “One Caste, One Religion, One God for All” (Oru Jathi, Oru Matham, Oru Daivam, Manushyanu).
- In 1888, he built a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva at Aruvippuram which was against the caste-based restrictions of the time.
- In one temple he consecrated at Kalavancode, he kept mirrors instead of idols. This symbolised his message that the divine was within each individual.
- Narayana Guru organized an All-Region Conference in 1923 at Alwaye Advaita Ashram, which was reported to be the first such event in India. This was an effort to counter the religious conversions Ezhava community was susceptible to.
- Sree Narayana Guru became one of the greatest proponents and re-evaluators of Advaita Vedanta, the principle of non-duality put forward by Adi Shankara.
- He wrote various books in different languages. Few of them are: Advaitha Deepika, Asrama, Thevarappathinkangal, etc.
- Contribution to National Movement:
- A remarkable social reformer, he was in the forefront of the movement for universal temple entry and against the societal ills like the social discrimination of untouchables.
- Narayana Gurudev provided the impetus for Vaikom agitation which was aimed at temple entry in Travancore for the lower castes. It drew nationwide attention and appreciation from Mahatma Gandhi.
- Sree Narayana Gurudev’s Adyaropa darsanam (Darsanamala) explains the creation of the universe.
- Daivadasakam and Atmopadesa satakam are a few examples of how the mystic reflections and insights closely resemble recent advances in physics.