- December 28, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – History
Context – Prime Minister Narendra Modi is heading an extensive 53-member committee that has been set up to mark the 150th birth anniversary of spiritual leader Sri Aurobindo.
- He was an Indian social political and spiritual philosopher, yoga guru, maharishi, poet, revolutionary leader and Indian nationalist ideolouge.
- He was also a journalist, editing newspapers such as BandeMataram.
- Aurobindo studied for the Indian Civil Service at King’s College, Cambridge, England.
- After returning to India he took up various civil service works under the Maharaja of the Princely state of Baroda and became increasingly involved in nationalist politics in the Indian National Congress and the nascent revolutionary movement in Bengal with the Anushilan Samiti.
- In 1892, he held various administrative posts in Baroda (Vadodara) and Calcutta (Kolkata).
- He was arrested in the aftermath of a number of bombings linked to his organization in a public trial where he faced charges of treason for Alipore Conspiracy.
- During his stay in the jail, he had mystical and spiritual experiences, after which he moved to Pondicherry, leaving politics for spiritual work.
- At Pondicherry, Sri Aurobindo developed a spiritual practice he called Integral Yoga. He believed in a spiritual realisation that not only liberated but transformed human nature, enabling a divine life on earth.
- In 1926, with the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa (referred to as “The Mother”), Sri Aurobindo Ashram was founded.
- His main literary works are
- The Life Divine, which deals with the philosophical aspect of Integral Yoga;
- Synthesis of Yoga, which deals with the principles and methods of Integral Yoga;
- Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol, an epic poem.
- Bhagavad Gita and Its Message
- The Future Evolution of Man
- Rebirth and Karma
- Hour of God