- May 3, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject: International Relations
Context: India on Sunday received assistance from Taiwan, including oxygen concentrators and cylinders, with more batches of medical equipment set to follow from Taipei.
- Taiwan is officially known as the Republic of China (ROC).
- It is a state in East Asia with Neighbouring states include the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to the west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south.
- The East China Sea lies to its north, the Philippine Sea to its east, the Luzon Strait directly to its south and the South China Sea to its southwest.
- The Taiwan Strait separates the island of Taiwan from mainland China. The strait is currently part of the South China Sea and connects to the East China Sea to the north.
- Taipei is the capital.
- Taiwan is no longer a member of the UN, having been replaced by the PRC in 1971. Taiwan is claimed by the PRC, which refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognize the ROC.
- Taiwan maintains official ties with 14 out of 193 UN member states and the Holy See.
- The bilateral relations between India and Taiwan have improved since the 1990s despite both nations not maintaining official diplomatic relations.