- August 16, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – History
- The ideology that religion is the determining factor in defining the nationality of Indian Muslims and Hindus was postulated by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who termed it as the awakening of Muslims for the creation of Pakistan.
- This theory held that there were two nations-one belonging to the Hindus and other to the Muslims-living in the territory of India.
- Sir Syed Ahmad khan was the first exponent of the Two-Nation Theory in the modern era.
- Events such as the Urdu-Hindi controversy (1867), the partition of Bengal (1905), and the Hindu revivalism set the Hindus and the Muslims further apart.