WB loan to PM Ayushman Bharat
- July 2, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
WB loan to PM Ayushman Bharat
Subject : Governance
The World Bank has approved loans totalling USD 1.75 billion (about Rs 13,834.54 crore) to fund India’s PM Ayushman Bharat scheme and private investment to boost the economic growth.
Of the total loan, USD 1 billion will go towards the health sector, while the rest USD 750 million will be in the form of development policy loan (DPL) to fill the financing gaps through private sector investment in the economy.
The World Bank Board of Executive Directors approved two complementary loans of USD 500 million each to support and enhance India’s health sector.
Through this combined financing of USD 1 billion, the World Bank will support India’s flagship Pradhan Mantri-Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (PM-ABHIM), launched in October 2021
Pradhan Mantri-Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (PM-ABHIM):
PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission aims to produce robust outcomes in Public Health leapfrogging India to one of the most advanced countries in the world in terms of management of Public Health outbreaks.
The Scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with some Central Sector components. The Scheme has following components:
- Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) Components:
- Ayushman Bharat – Health & Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) in rural areas: Support for infrastructure development for 17788 Sub-Health Centres is proposed in 7 High Focus States (Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal) and 3 North Eastern States (Assam, Manipur and Meghalaya).
For the remaining States, the infrastructure support for building-less SHCs is already being provided under FC-XV Health Grants through Local Governments and through NHM as well. For the UTs, the support is provided through NHM. This arrangement will continue.
Ayushman Bharat – Health & Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) in Urban areas: Support for 11044 Urban Health & Wellness Centres across the country is proposed under this component.
- Block Public Health Units (BPHUs): Support for 3382 BPHUs in 11 High Focus States/ UTs (Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, UT – Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand), is proposed under this component. • For the remaining States, the support for establishing BPHUs is being provided under FC-XV Health Grants through Local Governments. • For the UTs, the proposed District Integrated Public Health Labs under the PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission at the Districts will be catering the needs of the Blocks in the UTs.
- Integrated District Public Health Laboratories in all districts.
- Critical Care Hospital Blocks in all districts with a population more than 5 lakhs, in state government medical colleges / District Hospitals. Out of the five CSS Components, the components of Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) in rural areas, Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) in urban areas and Block Public Health Units are partially financed through the ‘FC-XV Health Grants through Local Governments’
- Central Sector (CS) Components
The PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission has the following CS components:
- Critical Care Hospital Blocks in 12 Central Institutions.
- Strengthening surveillance of infectious diseases and outbreak response. Support for 20 Metropolitan Surveillance Units, 5 Regional NCDCs and implementation of IHIP in all states.
- Strengthening surveillance capacities at Points of Entry. Support for 17 new Points of Entry Health Units and Strengthening of 33 existing Units.
- Strengthening Disaster and Epidemic Preparedness. Support for 15 Health Emergency Operation Centres & 2 Container based mobile hospitals.
- Bio-security preparedness and strengthening Pandemic Research and MultiSector, National Institutions and Platforms for One Health. Support for setting up of a National Institution for One Health, a Regional Research Platform for WHO South East Asia Region, 9 Bio-Safety Level III Laboratories and 4 new Regional National Institutes of Virology (NIVs). The Central Sector components of the proposed Scheme will be implemented by the central agencies/ subordinate offices/ autonomous bodies under the Department of Health & Family Welfare and the Department of Health Research, by following the existing procedure.