What are Exotic Species?
- June 23, 2020
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) has arrested two persons involved in an alleged wildlife smuggling syndicate and seized a consignment of 22 exotic macaws.
- The birds were identified as Hyacinth Macaw, Pesquet’s Parrot, Severe Macaw and Hahn’s Macaw.
- They are all protected species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), with Hyacinth Macaw being accorded the highest protection and listed under Appendix I.
- Protection under CITES implies ban in global and domestic trade of the species.
- All the birds were seized under provisions of the Customs Act and Wild Life Protection Act, 1972.
- As opposed to native species, which are indigenous and found naturally in an environment, animals and plant species introduced from other countries and which are not otherwise found locally are termed exotic.
- These introduced or exotic species can adversely affect the ecosystem.
- In India, large varieties of exotic animal and plant species have been introduced from other parts of the world through the ages. Some exotic plants have turned into weeds, multiplying fast and causing harm to the ecosystem, e.g. water hyacinth and lantana