What is the mandate of NCRB?
- March 29, 2022
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
What is the mandate of NCRB?
Section: National organisation
Context: Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill, 2022 empowers NCRB to collect, store and preserve the record of measurements and for sharing, dissemination, destruction and disposal of records;
NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators based on the recommendations of the Tandon Committee, National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task force (1985).
- NCRB was entrusted with the responsibility for monitoring, coordinating and implementing the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project in the year 2009. The project has connected 15000+ police stations and 6000 higher offices of police in the country.
- On 21st August 2017, NCRB launched National Digital Police Portal.It is a master police portal which caters both to the citizens as well as to the police personnel. It allows police personnel to search for a criminal / suspect on the CCTNS database, besides access to many other police utilities like Cri-MAC, NDSO, CyTrain etc. To citizens, it provides various services like filing of complaints online and seeking antecedent verification of tenants, domestic helps, drivers etc., and newly launched citizen services like, search for missing persons, NOC for purchase of second hand vehicle and information on Proclaimed Offenders.
- The Bureau has also been entrusted to maintain National Database of Sexual Offenders (NDSO) and share it with the States/UTs on regular basis.
- NCRB has also been designated as the Central Nodal Agency to manage technical and operational functions of the ‘Online Cyber-Crime Reporting Portal’ through which any citizen can lodge a complaint or upload a video clip as an evidence of crime related to child pornography, rape/gang rape.
- NCRB has also launched CyTrain, a portal for online training of different stakeholders in cybercrime investigations and prosecution.
- NCRB also maintains Counterfeit Currency Information and Management System (FICN) and Integrated Monitoring on Terrorism (iMoT) applications.
- Cri-MAC (Crime – Multi Agency Centre) is yet another IT tool launched by NCRB this year as per the recommendation of DGPs/IGPs Conference 2018, for sharing of information on Crime / Criminals – sending alerts on Inter-State Criminals / Gangs to States/UTs, etc. and providing email/sms based communication module for inter agency / unit co-ordination.
- NCRB also compiles and publishes National Crime Statisticse. Crime in India, Accidental Deaths & Suicides and also Prison Statistics. These publications serve as principal reference point by policy makers, police, criminologists, researchers and media, both in India and abroad..
- The Central Finger Print Bureau under NCRB is a national repository of all fingerprints in the country and has more than one million ten-digit finger prints database of criminals both convicted and arrested and provides for search facility on Fingerprint Analysis and Criminal Tracing System (FACTS). Through the proposed NAFIS System to be commissioned by the year end, all States will be able to upload and search finger prints directly to/from NCRB national database. This will improve efficiency of fingerprint storage and search drastically and prove to be a game changer in police investigations. Further, NCRB publishes ‘Finger Prints in India’ annually and organizes the annual conference of Directors of Finger Print Bureaux of all the states to deliberate on topical issues related to the use of fingerprint science in police investigations.
- NCRB also assists various States in capacity building in the area of Information Technology, CCTNS, Finger Prints, Network security and Digital Forensics through its training centers in Delhi, Kolkata. It also assists four Regional Police Computer Training Centres (RPCTC) at Hyderabad, Gandhi Nagar, Lucknow and Kolkata.