- April 27, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject : Science & tech
Context: Recently, the China National Space Administration has announced that it will name its first Mars rover as ‘Zhurong’.
- It is China’s first Mars rover aboard the Tianwen-1 probe that arrived in Mars orbit in February 2020.
- It is named after a traditional fire god.
- The rover is part of Chinese space plans that include launching a crewed orbital station and landing a human on the moon.
- The rover’s title fits with the Chinese name for Mars i.e. “Huo Xing” or fire star.
- The top candidate for the landing site is Utopia Planitia, a rock-strewn plain where the U.S. lander Viking 2 touched down in 1976.
- Its goals include analysing and mapping the Martian surface and geology, looking for water ice and studying the climate and surface environment.
- It is named after the ancient Chinese poem ‘Questions to Heaven’.
- It is an all-in-one orbiter, lander and rover which will search the Martian surface for water, ice, investigate soil characteristics, and study the atmosphere, among completing other objectives.
- It lifted off on a Long March 5 rocket, a launch system developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT), from the Wenchang launch centre.
- It will be the first to place a ground-penetrating radar on the Martian surface, which will be able to study local geology, as well as rock, ice, and dirt distribution.