CENSUS and SECC
- January 23, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
CENSUS and SECC
Subject : Governance
Difference between CENSUS and SECC
- The duration of Census 2011 and SECC 2011 was different. Census 2011, was conducted during 9th to 28th February 2011.
- While Socio Economic Caste Census 2011 was largely carried out in 2011 and 2012 with a few states taking enumeration and verification in 2013 also.
- Individual information(personal data) gathered under the Census Act, 1948, (Census 2011 is conducted under Census Act,1948 not SECC) are kept confidential.
- While the SECC, 2011 requires putting such statistics (except for caste-related data) in the public domain.
- Apex organization for Census is Census Commissioner (Home Ministry) While for SECC it is Rurul Development ministry and Planning Commission.
- Purpose of the census is to provide general demographic information: age, gender, religion, occupation, migration etc.
- While SECC helps in preparing BPL list and identifying beneficiaries for welfare schemes.
Features of SECC
- SECC 2011 is the first paperless census in India.
- Household data was taken from the National Population Register along with the temporary identification number.
- At each stage there was an opportunity for transparency and grievance redressal.
- SECC methodology defines poverty through deprivation, instead of consumption.
- SECC takes caste into account for the first time since 1931.
- The census provides information on size, distribution and socio-economic, demographic and other characteristics of the country’s population.
- During the regime of the Mughal king Akbar, the administrative report ‘Ain-e-Akbari’ included comprehensive data pertaining to population, industry, wealth and many other characteristics.
- A systematic and modern population census, in its present form was conducted non synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country.
- However, the first synchronous census in India was held in 1881. Since then, censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten years.