Daily Practice Sheet 10 January 2022
- January 10, 2022
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPS
Daily Practice Sheet
10 January 2022
Daily Prelims Topic
- Turkmenistan’s ‘Gateway to Hell’
- Caspian Sea
- Omicron Epidemic
- Dharma Sansad and Mahamandaleshwar
- Boost to Biofuels
- GST-1 and GSTR-3B
- Green Cement
- China’s Chang’e 5 lunar probe
- Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
- National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT)
- Harmonised Guidelines and Standards for Universal Accessibility in India 2021
- Veer Baal Diwas
- Adi Sankaracharya
- Caspian Sea
Art 178: Every Legislative Assembly of a State shall, as soon as may be, choose two members of the Assembly to be respectively Speaker and Deputy Speaker thereof and, so often as the office of Speaker or Deputy Speaker becomes vacant, the Assembly shall choose another member to be Speaker or Deputy Speaker, as the case may be.
- The recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5, 2019-21) has shown that fertility continues to decline in India. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) — the number of children a woman can be expected to have during her lifetime — has declined from 2.2 (NFHS-4, 2015-16) to 2.0, below the replacement rate of 2.1, where a mother is replaced by a daughter.
- From an estimated TFR of around 6 in 1951, the rate declined to 5.2 in 1971, 3.6 in 1991 and 2.4 in 2011, according to the SRS report 2018. Since 2000, the pace of decline in TFR may have slowed. TFR in most states declined during the period 2015-16 and 2019-21
- India’s transportation sector contributes about 10 per cent of total national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Out of which, road transportation contributes about 87 per cent of the total emissions.
- According to a Lancet report the number of dementia cases in India is expected to almost double by 2050,. The tally will increase to 11,422,692 from 3,843,118 in 2019.
- Neighboring countries Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan and Nepal are likely to record an increase of 254 per cent, 351 per cent, 261 per cent and 210 per cent, respectively, the assessment found.
- Worldwide, the caseload is set to almost triple to 153 million in 2050 from 57 million in 2019, said the report. Population growth and population ageing will be the leading cause behind this rise, the paper noted.
- A higher proportion of women than men will suffer from the disease during the period, the paper estimated. The projections were made based on data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 published in Lancet journal October 2020.
Topic: Important International Institution
- What is the mandate of WTO? Critically examine how far WTO has succeeded? Do you think in the wake of rising unilateralism and protectionism WTO has any future?
Hint: WTO’s role has been at the centre of controversy due to rising protectionism as well as increasing regional pacts. In this context you have to discuss its mandate, Critically examine its role (success/failure both) and the argue for need of WTO in spite of current challenges.
|Introduction (I): Start directly with WTO and its mandate.|
Body (B): 1) Present the success of WTO over the years (various agreements, dispute settlement, equal power to all etc.)
2) Discuss its challenges or failures (ineffective dispute settlement, West-dominated, failure to take Doha round forward etc.)
3) Discuss how in current context reform of WTO is needed and what reforms are needed.
Conclusion (C): Conclude on lines that the WTO as a rule-making and implementing body is need of the hour when global economy is witnessing challenges.
Daily Mains Mantra
GS 2: Polity
- Recent media reports about the confrontation between the Governors and the State governments, in Maharashtra and Kerala, have turned the spotlight on the rather delicate relationship between the constitutional head of the State and the elected government. Discuss. [Reference: The Hindu]
GS 3: Economy
- Clearly achieving net zero emission by 2070 implies road transportation needs significant overhaul. In this context, critically examine India’s Bioethanol policy. [Reference: Business Line]
GS 4: Ethics