Daily Practice Sheet 19 December 2021
- December 19, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPS
Daily Practice Sheet
19 December 2021
Daily Prelims Topic
- Agni-P Missile
- Pacific Light Cable Network
- Climate Change in Arctic
- Sacred Groves
- Chamber of Princes
- Mosquitoes and Climate Change
- Sangolli Rayanna
- Iron Fortification
- Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board
- Open Acreage Licensing Policy
- Order of Druk Gyalpo
According to a Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) report
- Grassland and shrub-covered areas used to graze animals or as sources of fodder have declined by 191 million hectares over two decades, to 3,196 million ha in 2019, and converted to cropland.
- Cropland increased 4 per cent (63 million hectares) between 2000 and 2019. Growth in arable land, mainly for irrigated crops, doubled, while that for rain-fed cropping increased by only 2.6 per cent over the same time period.
- Population increases have meant agricultural land available per capita for crops and animal husbandry declined by 20 per cent between 2000 and 2017 to 0.19 ha /capita in 2017.
- Human-induced land degradation primarily affects cropland. Although cropland covers only 13 per cent of the global land cover classes (11,477 million ha), degraded cropland accounts for 29 per cent of all degraded areas.
- Almost a third of rain-fed cropland and nearly a half of irrigated land are subject to human-induced land degradation.
- Over 60 per cent of irrigated areas are degraded in northern Africa, south Asia and the middle east-western Asia. The largest degraded areas are in the northern hemisphere, except for southeast Asia. Globally, only 38 per cent of irrigated land is stable.
- Soil salinity is estimated to take up 1.5 million ha of cropland out of production each year.
- Urban areas occupied less than 0.5 per cent of the Earth’s land surface in 2000. The rapid growth of cities had a significant impact on land and water resources; in 2018, 55 per cent of the world’s population were urban dwellers.
Topic: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
- What do you understand by doctrine of separation of power? In this context critically examine role of judicial activism in Indian democracy. [Reference: Press Reader]
Hint: The questions focus is basically on how the judicial activism has led to rising concerns over violation of the principle of separation of power in Indian democracy.
|Introduction (I): Define separation of power and how it is significant in modern democracy.|
Body (B): 1) Talk about judicial activism and positive role it has played and how it is part of Checks and balances as present in Indian Parliamentary democracy. (Mentioning court case very important)
2) Now discuss how judicial activism more often translates into judicial overreach and encroaches executive and legislative sphere (Again examples and cases needed).
Conclusion (C): Judicial activism should be used only as medicine and not daily bread.
Daily Mains Mantra
GS 1: Geography
- Pressure on land and water systems compromising agricultural productivity and food security. Discuss. [Reference: DownToEarth]
- What do you understand by rained agriculture? How will it be impacted by climate change?
GS 2: Polity
GS 3: Environment
GS 3: Security
- India can’t rely on other countries for its defence equipment and technology. In this a global defence manufacturing hub
GS 4: Ethics