Daily Practice Sheet 28 July 2020
- July 28, 2020
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPS
Daily Prelims Topic
- Urban mining
- Down Trading
- NDRF Vs PMCARES
- State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020 (SOFI 2020)
- Operation Breathing Space
Daily SC judgments
- Seven bench Shamsher Singh in 1974 and a five-judge bench in Nebam Rebia in 2016 Supreme Court has reiterated that Governor has limited discretionary power and is bound by aid and advice by the Council of Minister header by Chief Minister.
- According to estimates of NITI Aayog, the country would need around $4.5 trillion for investment in infrastructure by 2030.
- Total production of food grains reached a record 296 million tonnes in 2019- 20, registering an annual average growth of 3.6 per cent over the last decade.
- Total horticulture production also reached an all-time high of 320 million tonnes, growing at an annual average rate of 4.4 per cent over the last 10 years.
- India is now one of the leading producers of milk, cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits, cotton, sugarcane, fish, poultry and livestock in the world. Buffer stocks in cereals currently stand at 91.6 million tonnes or 2.2 times the buffer norm
- One positive sign is that the number of taxpayers registered under GST stood at 1.08 crore as early as April 2018, and rose to 1.23 crore by June 2019, where it has more or less stayed since.
- The second is that there has been a consistent and steep rise in the cumulative number of returns filed, which stood at over 47 crore in June 2020.
- Finally, in the period up to March 2020, while public and private limited companies and public sector undertakings accounted for 6.5 per cent of taxpayers and 72 per cent of total collections, proprietorships and partnerships accounted for 91 per cent of taxpayers and 21 per cent of collections.
Pharma Market in India:
- According to DoP data, pharmaceuticals and medical devices industry in India is worth is ₹3,79,751 crore.
- Of this ₹2,08,729 crore consists of the domestic market and ₹81,551 crore is import dependent, while ₹1, 71,022 crore is exports. [Reference: Business LIne]
- India’s Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) stands at 122 as per the latest Sample Registration System (SRS) bulletin from last year — a significant decline from an MMR of 556 in 1990.
- A parallel decrease in the prevalence of child marriage is also noted — 58 per cent in 1970-80 to 21 per cent by 2015-16.
- There is, however, a wide variation amongst states — highest in West Bengal at 39 per cent followed by Bihar and Jharkhand. The 2015-16 national family health survey (NFHS 4) also confirms the urban-rural difference in the incidence of early marriage — 17.5 per cent in urban and 31.5 per cent in rural women.
- With no education, 44.7 per cent women are married before 18 years. This drops to 39.7 per cent with primary education, 23.2 per cent with secondary education and 2.9 per cent with higher education. [Reference: Indian Express]
Daily Mains Mantra
- What do you understand by natural vegetation? Discuss the factors on which growth of vegetation depends. Also list the types of vegetation with example.
NCERT: Our Environment Class VII Chap: Natural Vegetation
- Analyze the internal and external trade pattern of Harappa civilization. In this context discuss the role played by the ports of the Harappa civilization and their present day relevance. [Reference: Business Line]
GS 1: Society
- Women empowerment is best tool to fight cycle of poverty, malnutrition and ill health. [Reference: Indian Express]
- Child marriage traps girls and their families in a cycle of Explain. Discuss strategies to end the social evil of child marriages. [Reference: World hunger, Indian Express, Girls not brides]
GS 2: Polity
- Do we need office of Governor? Should governor’s position be done away with in the wake of controversies? [Reference: The Hindu, Financial Express]
GS: International Relations
- How is present US-China conflict different from the cold war conflict between US and USSR? [Reference: Indian Express]
GS 3: Economy
- Discuss the backward and forward linkages of infrastructure with different sectors of economy. [Reference: Business Line]
- Indian economy is going through five dynamic shifts. What are these shifts? Examine its impact on the economy. [Reference: Business Line]
- Take a stock of how the new GST regime performed in the last three years. Is GST a failed experiment? [Reference: Business Line]
- What do you understand by social stock exchange? [Reference: Business Line]
- What do you understand by nutrition security? Comment upon the status of nutrition security in India. [Reference: The Hindu]
GS 3: Environment
- What do you understand by urban mining? Is urban mining overtaking classical mining? [Reference: Wikipedia, Greentec, Recupel]
- What is EIA? Why EIA 2020 draft has become controversial? [Reference: The Hindu]