Daily Practice Sheet 4 January 2022
- January 4, 2022
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPS
Daily Practice Sheet
4 January 2022
“With hard work and effort, you can achieve anything”- Antoine Griezmann
On this day
January 4 every year is internationally observed as World Braille Day to commemorate the birthday of French educator Louis Braille. World Braille Day, celebrated since 2019, is observed to raise awareness of the importance of Braille as a means of communication in the full realization of the human rights for blind and partially sighted people Braille was invented by Louis Braille, a French man, who became blind at a young age because of an accident. The Braille system is included in the Convention on the Rights of Persons and Disabilities.
There are Braille codes in 133 languages, as per the third edition of World Braille Usage.
- As the MSMEs contribute around 30 per cent to India’s GDP, employ about 11 crore people, constitute nearly 40 per cent of total exports, and more than half of them are located in rural India
- India’s fixed capital formation rate has steadily fallen from 36 per cent of GDP in 2008 to 26 per cent in 2020, while China and the US registered improvements in the capital formation ratio from 37 per cent to 42 per cent and from 18 per cent to 21 per cent, respectively.
- For a set of 718 listed companies for which data is consistently available from 2005, the capex growth rate has dwindled from 7 per cent in 2008 to around 2 per cent in 2020. The return on invested capital in FY21 is still low at 2-3 per cent compared with 16-18 per cent returns in 2005-08.
Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services – issues relating to poverty and hunger.
- Why does India rank low in the Global Hunger Index? What measures are needed to eradicate hunger from India?
Hint: The question is straightforward and needs to be addressed in two parts.
|Introduction (I): Show the poor rank of India in Global hunger Index.|
Body (B): 1) Mention and discuss all possible causes for this poor rank for India (poverty, schemes issue, food wastage, accessibility and affordability issue etc.).
2) Devise a comprehensive strategy of government action, private sector rol, people’s support to address hunger root and branch (some good examples will add to the value).
Conclusion (C): Hunger in India where large populations sleep hungry each night even after 70-years of independence and becoming fastest growing economy needs to be addressed on priority.
- Critically examine India’s effort to eradicate poverty in the last 30 years. Also discuss causes of Poverty no longer a rural centric situation, and has become a pan Indian-Phenomenon.
Hint: You have to mention and see positives and challenges of major strategies in last thirty years. Post that reasons for poverty becoming pan-India phenomenon.
|Introduction (I): Start with poverty data for India and how even after many schemes the gains are slow and problem lingers or rather has spread to cities as well.|
Body (B): 1) You can examine strategy based on employment schemes, income support scheme, social protection programme, Poverty estimation etc.
2) Now discuss reasons like migration, globalisation, rising inequality, vulnerability and inflation in economy etc. as the causes for poverty becoming All-India phenomenon.
Conclusion (C): Conclude with the recommendations to build on our existing programmes like Universal Basic Income etc.
Daily Mains Mantra
GS 2: Polity
- If 20th century was century of democracy‘s expansion 21st century is century of democracy’s decay. Critically discuss the challenges to democracy in 21st century. [Reference: Indian Express]
- Discuss the Indian concept of secularism. [Reference: The Hindu]
- The synergy of NGOs Government and corporate is the holy grail of development. [Reference: The Hindu]
GS 3: Economy
- Revival of MSME sector is essential for achieving inclusive growth and vision of self-reliance (Atmanirbhar Bharat). Discuss [Reference: Business Line]
- Why MSMEs in India do not scale up? Explain the dwarfism syndrome? How does the new definition of MSME will help them scale up? [Reference: Business Line]
- What is fixed capital formation rate? Why is India’s fixed capital formation rate falling in the last decade? [Reference: Indian Express]
GS 4: Ethics