- April 25, 2022
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Section: External Sector
Why in the news?
India is expected to attract $100 billion foreign direct investment (FDI) in 2022-23 on the back of economic reforms and ease of doing business in recent years, industry chamber PHDCCI said on Thursday.
It has suggested a ten pronged strategy to strengthen the economic growth and achieve the target of becoming a $5 trillion economy in next five years.
The suggestions include speedy infrastructure investments, inclusion of more sectors under the PLI scheme, increase in public investments in agriculture sector, addressing the high commodity prices and shortages of raw materials.
Any investment from an individual or firm that is located in a foreign country into a country is called Foreign Direct Investment. Generally, FDI is when a foreign entity acquires ownership or controlling stake in the shares of a company in one country, or establishes businesses there.
It is different from foreign portfolio investment where the foreign entity merely buys equity shares of a company.
- Equity capital is the foreign direct investor’s purchase of shares of an enterprise in a country other than its own.
- Reinvested earnings comprise the direct investors’ share of earnings not distributed as dividends by affiliates, or earnings not remitted to the direct investor. Such retained profits by affiliates are reinvested.
- Intra-company loans or intra-company debt transactions refer to short- or long-term borrowing and lending of funds between direct investors (or enterprises) and affiliate enterprises.
Routes through which India gets FDI:
- Automatic Route: In this, the foreign entity does not require the prior approval of the government or the RBI.
- Government Route: In this, the foreign entity has to take the approval of the government.
- The Foreign Investment Facilitation Portal (FIFP) facilitates the single window clearance of applications which are through approval route.
- It is administered by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
- India has received Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows worth USD 339.55 billion in the last five years. It increased from USD 45.15 billion in 2014-15 to USD 81.97 billion in 2020-21.
- As per the World Investment Report 2021 by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD),India was the fifth-largest recipient of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in the world in 2020.
- In the Financial Year 2020-21, India sees growth of 10% (to $82 bn) in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). FDI equity investments rose 19% to $60 billion.
- In April 2020, the DPIIT came out with a new rule, which stated that the entity of any company that shares a land border with India or where the beneficial owner of investment into India is situated in or is a citizen of such a country can invest only under the Government route. In other words, such entities can only invest following the approval of the Government of India.
- Financial year 2021-22
- Foreign Investment, consisting of foreign direct investment (FDI) and foreign portfolio investment (FPI), is the largest component of the capital account. Falling short of the pre pandemic level, the net foreign investment inflows (FIIs) – primarily driven by FDI – moderated to US$ 25.4 billion in H1: FY 22 compared to corresponding period of FY 21.
- Total foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow to India declined to $74.01 billion in the calendar year 2021 a decline of15 percent as compared to calendar year 2020,
- Sectors attracting highest FDI Equity Inflows-Computer Software & Hardware> Automobile Industry> Services Sector> Trading > Telecommunications
- Top FDI investing countries- Singapore>U.S.A.>Mauritius>Netherlands>Japan