- October 23, 2020
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject: Modern History
Context: Harsh Madder wrote in The India Forum of the significance of the word “fraternity” in our Constitution’s Preamble.
- Scholars have long noted a few milestones in the history of India’s constitution-making. A major one was the 1931 “Fundamental Rights” resolution of the Indian National Congress.
- The Karachi session was presided by Sardar Patel. The congress adopted a resolution on Fundamental Rights and Economic Policy which represented the Party’s Social, Economic and Political programme.
- The Karachi Session of the Congress endorsed the Gandhi-Irwin Pact and reiterated the goal of “PoornaSwaraj”. It passed a resolution to dissociate itself from and disapprove the political violence in any shape.
- Some of the important Karachi resolutions are ,
Basic civil rights of freedom of speech, Freedom of Press, Freedom of assembly, Freedom of association,
- Equality before law
- Elections on the basis of Universal Adult Franchise
- Free and compulsory primary education.
- Substantial reduction in rent and taxes
- Better conditions for workers including a living wage, limited hours of work.
- Protection of women and peasants
- Government ownership or control of key industries, mines, and transport.
- Protection of Minorities.
- Congress made this agenda- the basis of its political programme for the next many years to come.