King Mihir Bhoj
- July 25, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
King Mihir Bhoj
Section: Ancient India
- The controversy around the lineage of Mihir Bhoj has surfaced recently in Haryana.
- The current controversy in Haryana
- The Gurjar community in Haryana’s Kaithal had planned to unveil a statue of Mihir Bhoj, calling him a GurjarPratihar Samrat (king).
- The Rajput community members objected to this.
About Mihir Bhoj
- Mihir Bhoj (c. 836-885 CE) was a successful and ambitious ruler of ninth century India.
- At that time, the Gurjara-Pratiharas were ruling over a vast empire, from Kashmir to Gujarat.
- Mihir Bhoj successfully conquered areas of Deccan and Malwa too.
- During the ninth century, the major political struggle was for control over Kannauj as it was considered that whoever conquered Kannauj would be emperor of the country.
- Hence, the country witnessed a tripartite struggle among three big powers of the times —
- the Gurjara-Pratihara,
- the Rashtrakutas of Deccan and
- the Palas of Bengal.
- In that struggle, Mihir Bhoj was, by and large, the most successful.
- He conquered areas of Gujarat and Malwa from the Gujarat-Rashtrakutas.
- Similarly, the king launched a campaign towards Bengal and conquered territories of Gorakhpur from the Palas of Bengal too.
His contested lineage:
- Gurjar Pratiharas, the group to which Mihir Bhoj belonged, are often considered both Rajputs and Gurjars.
- Gurjars were a nomadic tribe in ancient India, initially spreading in Rajasthan and Gujarat regions.
- It is believed that Mihir Bhoj belonged to this tribe.
- However, it is also believed that he claimed Kshatriya status for himself.
- The Pratihara branch of the dynasty was linked to Rajputs.
- It was considered that only a Kshatriya (warrior) could become a king.
- In ancient India, all kings claimed Kshatriya status.